Light Management via Polymers for a Highly Efficient Luminescent Solar Energy Concentrator

Samenvatting

The increasing worldwide demand for energy has resulted in a strong push for low-cost alternatives to oil, gas and coal. Solar
energy has advantages over other sustainable energy sources (such as wind and biomass) in that it is reliable, quiet, and
ever-present. The limited use of this abundant energy resource is the result of the high costs of solar energy conversion by
silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) cells.
This project involves the dramatic reduction of the cost of solar energy through using large area, luminescent solar energy
concentrators (LSCs) in combination with small area PV cells. The concentrators are thin, plastic sheets coated with
microlenses, selective reflectors and oriented, luminescent molecules. The lumophores absorb sunlight, and emit it at a longer
wavelength in specific directions within the waveguiding mode of the plastic sheet. A small area PV cell is placed at the edge of
the waveguide which converts the concentrated sunlight into electricity. The area of the high-cost PV is reduced by more than
90% resulting in a major reduction in module price and price per unit Watt is obtained.
As part of this project, several innovations are proposed to improve the performance of the passive sunlight collectors by
reducing surface and re-absorption losses: 1) tilted lumophore layers to efficiently direct the light into the waveguide, 2) organic,
paintable wavelength-selective mirrors to trap the emission of light within the waveguide, 3) microlenses for focusing light on
printed islands of dye to reduce reabsorption, and 4) waveguides with refractive index gradients for minimizing light loss. I also propose an active LSC using switchable dye systems to make a smart window allowing simultaneous electricity
generation and room shading. It is expected these features will lead to LSC systems with an overall efficiency of 8-15% when
coupled to an appropriate PV cell.

Output

Proefschrift

  • P.P.C. Verbunt(2012): Light Management in Luminescent Solar Concentrators , Eindhoven  1 november 2012
  • P.P.C. Verbunt(2012): Light Management in Luminescent Solar Concentrators  1 november 2012

Hoofdstuk in boek

  • DJ Farrell, R Bose, M.G. Debije, AJ Chatten, A Buchtemann, KWJ Barnham, J Quilitz, L Manna(2009): Nano Photonics & Cell Technologies for Photovoltaics

Wetenschappelijk artikel

  • M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt, B.C. Rowan, B.S. Richards, T.L. Hoeks(2008): Measured surface loss from luminescent solar concentrator waveguides Applied Optics pp. 6763 - 6768
  • CWM Bastiaansen, PPC Verbunt, DJ Broer, M.G. Debije(2009): The effect of dyes aligned by liquid crystals on luminescent solar concentrator performance Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 381 - 384
  • CWM Bastiaansen, M.G. Debije, MJ Kastelijn(2009): Influence of waveguide material on light emission in luminescent solar concentrators Optical Materials pp. 1720 - 1722
  • M.G. Debije, S Tsoi, CWM Bastiaansen(2009): Enhancing light output of fluorescent waveguides with a microlens system Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 377 - 380
  • M.J. Kastelijn, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, M.G. Debije(2009): Influence of waveguide material on light emission in luminescent solar concentrators Optical Materials pp. 1720 - 1722
  • PPC Verbunt, DJ Broer, M.G. Debije, CWM Bastiaansen, M-P Van(2009): The effect of an organic selectively-reflecting mirror on the performance of a luminescent solar concentrator Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 373 - 376
  • DJ Broer, K Hermans, A Kaiser, M.G. Debije, PPC Verbunt, CWM Bastiaansen(2009): Controlling light emission in luminescent solar concentrators through the use of dye molecules aligned in a planar manner by liquid crystals Advanced Functional Materials pp. 2714 - 2719
  • P.P.C. Verbunt, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, D.J. Broer, M.G. Debije(2009): The effect of dyes aligned by liquid crystals on luminescent solar concentrator performance Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 381 - 384
  • M.G. Debije, J.P. Teunissen, M.J. Kastelijn, P.P.C. Verbunt, C.W.M. Bastiaansen(2009): The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells pp. 1345 - 1350
  • P.P.C. Verbunt, A. Kaiser, K. Hermans, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, D.J. Broer, M.G. Debije(2009): Controlling light emission in luminescent solar concentrators through the use of dye molecules aligned in a planar manner by liquid crystals Advanced Functional Materials pp. 2714 - 2719
  • S. Tsoi, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, M.G. Debije(2009): Enhancing light output of fluorescent waveguides with a microlens system Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 377 - 380
  • M.G. Debije, M.P. Van, P.P.C. Verbunt, D.J. Broer, C.W.M. Bastiaansen(2009): The effect of an organic selectively-reflecting mirror on the performance of a luminescent solar concentrator Proceedings of the 24th European Solar Energy Conference pp. 373 - 376
  • M.G. Debije, PPC Verbunt, MJ Kastelijn, CWM Bastiaansen, J-P Teunissen(2009): The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells pp. 1345 - 1350
  • DJ Broer, PPC Verbunt, M-P Van, MJ Kastelijn, M.G. Debije, R.H.L. van der Blom, CWM Bastiaansen(2010): The effect on the output of a luminescent solar concentrator on application of organic wavelength-selective mirrors Applied Optics pp. 745 - 751
  • M.G. Debije(2010): Solar energy collectors with tunable transmission Advanced Functional Materials pp. 1498 - 1502
  • S Tsoi, M.G. Debije, CWM Bastiaansen, DJ Broer(2010): Patterned dye structure to limit reabsorption in luminescent solar concentrators Optics Express pp. A536 - A543
  • D.K.G. de Boer, C.W. Lin, M.P. Giesbers, H.J. Cornelissen, M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt, D.K: Broer(2011): Polarization-independent filters for luminescent solar concentrators Applied Physics Letters pp. 21111
  • Y Galagan, M.G. Debije, P. Blom(2011): Semitransparent organic solar cells with organic wavelength dependent reflectors Applied Physics Letters pp. 043302 - 043302
  • TL Hoeks, PPC Verbunt, BS Richards, PJ Nadkarni, BC Richards, S Velate, K Bhaumik, S Nedumbamana, M.G. Debije(2011): A promising fluorescent dye for solar energy conversion based on a perylene perinone Applied Optics pp. 163 - 169
  • DJ Broer, M.G. Debije, DKG de Boer, HJ Cornelissen, MP Giesbers, PPC Verbunt, C-W Lin(2011): Polarization-independent filters for luminescent solar concentrators Applied Physics Letters pp. 021111
  • J. Galagan, M.G. Debije, P. Blom(2011): Semitransparent organic solar cells with organic wavelength dependent reflectors Applied Physics Letters pp. 43302
  • M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt, P.J. Nadkarni, S. Velate, K. Bhaumik, S. Nedumbamana, B.C. Rowan, B.S. Richards, T.L. Hoeks(2011): A promising fluorescent dye for solar energy conversion based on a perylene perinone Applied optics pp. 163 - 169
  • D.J. Broer, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, M.G. Debije, A.P.H.J. Schenning(2012): Functional organic materials based on polymerized liquid crystal monomers. The illustrative example of supramolecular hydrogen-bonded systems Angewandte Chemie pp. 7102 - 7109
  • M.G. Debije, W.J.M. Dekkers(2012): Functionalizing the rear scatterer in a luminescent solar concentrator Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy pp. 013103 - 013103
  • D.K.G. de Boer, D.J. Broer, M.G. Debije, W. Keur, A. Meijerink, C.R. Ronda, P. P. C. Verbunt(2012): Progress in phosphors and filters for luminescent solar concentrators Optics Express pp. A395 - A405
  • L. Desmet, J. M. Ras, D.K.G. de Boer, M.G. Debije(2012): Monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic luminescent solar concentrator with 4.2% power conversion efficiency Optics Letters pp. 3087 - 3089
  • M. Buffa, S. Carturan, M.G. Debije, A. Quaranta, G. Maggioni(2012): Dye-doped polysiloxane rubbers for luminescent solar concentrator systems Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells pp. 114 - 118
  • P.P.C. Verbunt, S. Tsoi, M.G. Debije, D.J. Broer, C.W.M. Bastiaansen, C.-W. Lin, D.K.G. de Boer(2012): Increased efficiency of luminescent solar concentrators after application of organic wavelength selective mirrors Optics Express pp. A655 - A668
  • M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt(2012): Thirty years of luminescent solar concentrator research: solar energy for the built environment Advanced Energy Materials pp. 12 - 35
  • S Tsoi, DJ Broer, CWM Bastiaansen, M.G. Debije(2013): Using lenses to improve the output of a patterned luminescent solar concentrator Advanced Energy Materials pp. 337 - 341
  • PPC Verbunt, C Sanchez-Somolinos, DJ Broer, M.G. Debije(2013): Anisotropic light emissions in luminescent solar concentrators ? isotropic systems Optics Express pp. 485 - 493

Publicatie bedoeld voor een breed publiek

  • M.G. Debije(2010): Solar power from plastics?
  • L Wylie(2011): Luminescent Solar Concentrators - the Search for Photovoltaic Windows
  • L. Keff(2012): 'Smart Materials' woerden de slimste hulpjes in huis'

Kenmerken

Projectnummer

07940

Hoofdaanvrager

Dr. M.G. Debije

Verbonden aan

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Faculteit Scheikundige Technologie, Stimuli-responsive Functional Materials & Devices

Uitvoerders

Dr. P.P.C. Verbunt

Looptijd

01/09/2008 tot 01/04/2013

Budget

€ 405.600