MONARCHY IN TURMOIL RULERS, COURTS AND POLITICS IN THE NETHERLANDS AND GERMANY, C.1780 – C.1820

Samenvatting

Between c.1780 and c.1820, revolutions and wars transformed the political geography of Europe. By the end of this turbulent phase, a new power balance had taken shape. The majority of smaller players was now side-lined, whereas others achieved great power status. At the same time, notions of political power and the role of the monarch were upturned. Princes were forced to adapt their rule to these transitions; yet their efforts have never been studied in detail. Our project traces princely adaptations and innovations in the Low Countries and adjacent German territories, where a sequence of traditional, Napoleonic and restoration rulers faced particularly far-reaching changes in terms of territory, government, sovereignty and legitimacy.
Traditionally, the princely court had been the focal point of representation and government. Courts gradually lost this position in the nineteenth century, but it remains unclear to what extent this process occurred during the transition period. We examine this question in two domains: court styles and decision-making. Princes in these challenging times were forced to choose between different styles of court life, but needed to carefully consider the impact of their choices on elites and the population. In addition, they were keen to use the strengthened and rationalized state apparatus introduced by the revolution, although this forced them to reconsider their personal role and the role of their household in decision-making.
►How did rulers in the Netherlands and in adjacent smaller German territories adapt their regimes to ongoing change in legitimacy and decision-making during the transition period 1780-1820?

Kenmerken

Projectnummer

360-52-210

Hoofdaanvrager

Prof. dr. J.F.J. Duindam

Verbonden aan

Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Leiden University Institute for History

Uitvoerders

Dr. A.J.C.M. Gabriëls, Q.O. Somsen MA, Dr. F.J.J. Welten

Looptijd

01/09/2017 tot 30/06/2021