Mixed feelings. Literary Hispanophilia and Hispanophobia in England and the Netherlands in the Early Modern period and the nineteenth century


Current framings of the economic crisis are marked by negative prejudices, depicting the southern European states as corrupt. National characterizations can endure for centuries. In Early Modern Europe, the Spaniards were the most hated nation. Their reputation was tainted by a Black Legend of Spanish cruelty and lust for power. This anti-hispanism is considered central to the process of European proto-national identity formation. It shaped the cultural and political self-definition of both the Netherlands and England, two nations with overlapping histories regarding Spain. However, this hispanophobia did not exclude an undeniable fascination with Golden Age Spanish culture, most visible within the field of literature.

This project problematizes the European paradigm shift around 1800, when after centuries of predominant hispanophobia, a discourse of romantic hispanophilia materialized. The Duke of Alba and the Spanish Armada made way for Carmen and Don Juan. This project will demonstrate how the two narratives of literary hispanophobia and hispanophilia co-existed in the Early Modern period and re-emerged in the nineteenth century, when national identities and literary canons consolidated the Golden Age as the key period in the national-historical consciousness.

The research consists of three interrelated subprojects: PhD?s 1 and 2 will chart this literary ambivalence towards Spain for the Early Modern Period (1550-1700). How this ambivalence was adapted and negotiated in the nineteenth century will be explored in subproject 3 (applicant). This project breaks new ground in four ways: 1) It studies the dynamics of aversion/fascination for a dominant foreign culture across time; 2) it links these dynamics to narratives of nationhood using a comparative perspective; 3) it methodologically bridges the fields of Imagology, Translation Studies and Cultural Transfer; 4) It connects the process of proto-national constructions with the formation of modern nationalism by combining Early Modern research with research into the nineteenth century.


Boek of monografie

  • P. Valdivia, Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2018): (Eds.) Españoles en Europa: Identidad y Exilio desde la Edad Moderna hasta nuestros días, pp. 190 , Leiden

Hoofdstuk in boek

  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez, M.J. Villaverde Rico, F. Castilla Urbano(2016): La sombra de la Leyenda negra (Biblioteca de Historia y Pensamiento Político) pp. 140 - 172 , Madris
  • J. Leerssen, P. Flynn, L. Doorselaer, Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2016): Interconnecting Translation and Imagology (Benjamins Translation Series, 119) pp. 37 - 52 , Amsterdam
  • L. Jensen, Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2016): The roots of nationalism: national identity formation in early modern Europe, 1600-1815 pp. 185 - 198 , Amsterdam
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez, N. Geerdink, S. Levie, M. Depourcq(2018): Travelling Literatures: an Introduction to European Literary History pp. 163 - 174 , New York
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez, J.T. Leerssen(2018): Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism, Vol. 2. pp. 1403 - 1404 , Amsterdam

Wetenschappelijk artikel

  • S. Waasdorp(2016): 'De ‘kleine’ literatuur als Europees bindmiddel' Vooys pp. 143 - 146
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2016): 'Alejandro Farnese, el Décimo de la Fama: un heroe histórico contemporáneo en las tablas aureas'. Studi Ispanici pp. 21 - 36
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2016): ‘"Neem liever een Spaans spel". Nieuw onderzoek naar het Spaanse toneel op de Noord- en Zuidnederlandse planken in de zeventiende eeuw' De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief pp. 2 - 11
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2017): Review of : Bloemendal, Jan and Smith, Nigel. 'Politics and Aesthetics in European Baroque and Classicist Tragedy' [Brill, 2016, 442 p.] Bulletin of the Comediantes pp. 123 - 127
  • R. Bood(2017): 'From 'Rule Breaker in Chief' to 'Rule Breaker in Script': Eve in Early Eighteenth-Century Dutch Translations of Milton's Paradise Lost' Journal of the LUCAS Graduate Conference pp. 86 - 101
  • S. Waasdorp(2017): Signalement-review: Jan Bloemendal en Nigel Smith (eds.), Politics and Aesthetics in European Baroque and Classicist Tragedy. De Zeventiende Eeuw. pp. 264 - -
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2017): Review of: Van der Steen, Jasper, Memory Wars 1566-1700 (Brill, 2015, 358 p.) Renaissance Quarterly pp. 747 - 748
  • R. Bood(2017): Review - Bood on Keenan, 'Restoration Staging, 1660-74' H-Net Humanities and Social Sciences Online. pp. - - -
  • R. Bood(2018): Review -Bood on Duran and Issa and Olson, 'Milton in Translation' H-Net Humanities and Social Sciences Online pp. - - -
  • P. Valdivia, Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2018): ‘Introducción’, in: Españoles en Europa: Identidad y Exilio desde la Edad Moderna hasta nuestros días (Eds. Yolanda Rodríguez Pérez and Pablo Valdivia) Foro Hispánico, special number 'Españoles en Europa: Identidad y Exilio desde la Edad Moderna hasta nuestros días' pp. 1 - 8 ISSN: 978-90-04-36676-3.

Publicatie bedoeld voor een breed publiek


  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2017): Interview voor radioprogramma 'Het spoor terug. De weg van Hester' (Matijs Deen)
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2017): Podcast ‘Beeldenstormen. Een podcast over kunst en geweld’, aflevering 3- Radio Klara (VRT Radio, Belgium)
  • Y. Rodríguez Pérez(2017): Podcast 'Het Laatste Woord. Boeken die geschiedenis maakten' - afl. 10: Paleis voor een koning. - VPRO-radio programme OVT (Onvoltooid Verleden Tijd)





Dr. Y. Rodríguez Pérez

Verbonden aan

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Geschiedenis, Archeologie en Regiostudies


R.R. Bood MA, N.B. Niet Bekend en Niet Gebruiken, Dr. Y. Rodríguez Pérez, S.N. Waasdorp


01/11/2015 tot 31/10/2020