Beacons of Freedom: Slave Refugees in North America, 1800-1860

Samenvatting

In the Age of Revolution, the spread of the Enlightenment ideals of political and economic freedom had major
repercussions for the institution of slavery in North America. First, it led to the formal abolition of the
transatlantic slave trade and of slavery itself in the northern states of the US (1777-1804), Mexico (1829), and
Canada (1834). Second, it stimulated the emergence of free black communities within the slave territories of the
US South (especially in urban areas) due to individual manumissions by slaveholders. Both of these
developments gave rise to a wave of asylum-based migration, as droves of slave refugees crossed into geographic
spaces and places that constituted sites of formal freedom (where slavery was abolished according to "free soil"
principles) or informal freedom (regions within slaveholding territories, such as urban areas, where refugees
could successfully blend in with free black populations or otherwise escape the slave regime).
How was asylum-based slave migration in nineteenth-century North America characterized? What were slaves’
prime motivations for choosing to flee to various destinations throughout the continent, and what social networks
assisted them in their escape attempts? How were refugees’ assimilation and integration processes in receiving
societies characterized? And how did slave flight impact local, national, and continental discussions regarding
freedom and slavery? Drawing from sources such as slave testimonies, runaway slaves ads, newspaper articles,
court documents, diplomatic correspondence, and other government records, this project will apply a socialhistorical
approach to examine and contrast the various groups of refugees that sought "beacons of freedom"
within North America in the antebellum period (roughly between 1800-1860). Consisting of a comparative
synthesis and three PhD projects, it will transcend current scholarly paradigms by providing a continental
perspective on refugee migration and innovatively distinguishing between formal and informal asylum.

Output

Boek of monografie

  • F. Rosu, D.A. Pargas(2017): Critical Readings on Global Slavery pp. 1701 , Boston and Leiden
  • J. Fynn-Paul, D.A. Pargas(2018): Slaving Zones: Cultural Identities, Ideologies, and Institutions in the Evolution of Global Slavery pp. 364 , Leiden & Boston
  • D.A. Pargas(2018): Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America pp. 321 , Gainesville

Hoofdstuk in boek

  • D.A. Pargas(2015): New Directions in Slavery Studies pp. 239 - 257 , Baton Rouge
  • F. Rosu, D.A. Pargas, D.A. Pargas, F. Rosu(2017): Critical Readings on Global Slavery pp. 1 - 12 , Boston and Leiden
  • D.A. Pargas, D.A. Pargas(2018): Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North Amerca pp. 1 - 20 , Gainesville
  • D.A. Pargas, D.A. Pargas(2018): Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America pp. 116 - 136 , Gainesville
  • V.F. Müller, D.A. Pargas(2018): Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America pp. 137 - 167 , Gainesville

Wetenschappelijk artikel

Professionele publicatie

  • D.A. Pargas(2016): Slavery as a Global and Globalizing Phenomenon pp. 1 - 4

Publieksinformatie

  • D.A. Pargas, J. Fynn-Paul(2015): Studies in Global Slavery
  • D.A. Pargas(2015): Slavenvluchtelingen in Noord-Amerika
  • D.A. Pargas(2015): Journal of Global Slavery
  • D.A. Pargas(2016): Journal of Global Slavery
  • J. Fynn-Paul, D.A. Pargas(2016): Studies in Global Slavery
  • D.A. Pargas(2017): Beacons of Freedom: Slave Refugees in North America
  • D.A. Pargas(2017): Journal of Global Slavery
  • J. Fynn-Paul, D.A. Pargas(2017): Studies in Global Slavery
  • D.A. Pargas(2017): Wil de eigenaar zijn slaaf ophalen
  • D.A. Pargas(2017): Amerika is niet wezenlijk anders
  • D.A. Pargas(2018): Promised lands
  • D.A. Pargas(2018): Journal of Global Slavery
  • D.A. Pargas(2018): Slavery and Extreme Exploitation
  • T.J.F. Mareite, V.F. Müller, D.A. Pargas, O.P. Kennedy(2018): Seeking Refuge
  • D.A. Pargas(2019): Runaway Slaves and the Geography of Freedom in North America

Kenmerken

Projectnummer

276-53-009

Hoofdaanvrager

Dr. D.A. Pargas

Verbonden aan

Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen

Uitvoerders

Drs. O.P. Kennedy, Drs. T.J.F. Mareite, Drs. V.F. Müller MA, Dr. D.A. Pargas

Looptijd

01/09/2015 tot 31/08/2020