The Imperative of Regulation: local and (trans-) national dynamics of drug regulatory regimes in the Netherlands since the Second World War


Dutch drug policies since the Second World War have oscillated between tolerance and repression of drug use. However, whether tolerant or restrictive, pragmatic or moralistic, from a historical perspective drug policies in the Netherlands have shown a structural undercurrent of increasing regulation, despite their internationally (in)famous reputation in leading in the decriminalization of drug use and in harm-reduction public health policies. In other Western countries, too, increased institutionalised interventions in drug use have gone hand in hand with fluctuations in strategies and approaches.

The development of, and swings within, the regulatory imperative have been inadequately explained, as researchers are focused too narrowly on a univocal - and unique - national drug policy-making process. Current studies, moreover, often lack historical depth. In contrast, this project broadens the research scope and investigates drug regulation in the Netherlands as historically resulting from the interaction with several important areas: the development of drug economies, shifting public perceptions about drug use, and the dynamics of local drug politics. How and to what extent did these economic and socio-cultural settings, and differentiated forms of policy-making, influence and modify Dutch drug regulation? Within this project we will explain the development and intensification of drug regulatory regimes in the post-war period. Moreover and crucially, we will relate Dutch drug regulatory regimes to European and transnational developments. Finally, the results of this innovative approach and its implications for research and policy will be integrally disseminated and discussed, with both academic colleagues and public stakeholders in the Netherlands and in Europe.


Hoofdstuk in boek

  • M. de Rijke, P. Huijnen, S. Snelders, T. Pieters, J. Odijk, J. Verheul, A. van Hessen(2017): CLARIN in the Low Countries pp. 325 - 335 , London
  • T. Pieters, B. van der Molen, A.K. Somani, G.C. Deka(2017): Big Data Analytics. Tools and Technology for Effective Planning. pp. 373 - 390
  • S. Snelders, N. Ohler(2018): Drugs in het Derde Rijk pp. 319 - 322 , Amsterdam






Prof. dr. J.C. Kennedy

Verbonden aan

Universiteit Utrecht, University College Utrecht


Dr. B.J. van der Molen, Dr. B.J. van der Molen, A. Nuijten MA, R de Quadros Rigoni, Dr. S.A.M. Snelders


01/10/2015 tot 31/08/2019