The Beginnings of Farming in the Marmara Region of NW Turkey. Excavations at Neolithic Barcin Hoyuk


The proposed project will excavate the prehistoric village of Barcin Hoyuk, to collect and analyze datasets that record the earliest development of agriculture and an agricultural way of life in NW Turkey. As a watershed development in human history, the origin of farming is the subject of intensive scientific study. Our understanding of the Neolithization processes that were part of the spread of farming from its Near Eastern roots over large parts of the world, however, is still piecemeal. A crucial but little studied link in the chain of the expansion of agriculture to Europe is the region of NW Turkey, where Asia and Europe connect.

Soundings at Barcin Hoyuk reveal, for the first time in the region, a sequence of intact archaeological deposits dating from the second half of the seventh millennium BC. It will be possible to trace the history of the settlement over a period of at least 500 years, and to infer demographic, economic, social and cultural developments throughout this period. An interdisciplinary project design brings together archaeologists working from cultural, biological and geological traditions, in order to study the farming community in relation to its local environment. The project brings innovation to archaeological practice: targeted sampling strategies will enable a new way of modelling ancient crop farming systems, while the application of soil micro-morphology develops this expertise for the first time for Dutch archaeology. In addition, use is made of a newly developed technique to identify dairy comsumption from the residue of milk fats in ceramics.

The project will lay the foundations for studies on Neolithization processes and the spread of farming from Turkey to Europe. The varied types of data generated by the project will be used by members of the research group as well as other researchers in current and future research projects. By developing a site-specific digital Archaeological Information System the (future) accessibility of the raw data to the scholarly community will be assured.


Hoofdstuk in boek

  • F.A. Gerritsen, M. Özdogan, R.D. Özbal, N. Basgelen, P. Kuniholm, L. Thissen(2013): The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations and New Research. pp. 93 - 112 , Istanbul
  • R.D. Özbal, H. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2014): Tarihten Günümüze Yenisehir pp. 53 - 65 , Bursa
  • O. Kaper, F.A. Gerritsen, J.G. Dercksen(2014): Waar de geschiedenis begon. pp. 247 - 257 , Leiden
  • B. Horejs, A. Galik, M. Mehofer(2014): Western Anatolia before Troy Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC? pp. 385 - 394 , Wenen
  • R.D. Özbal, S.R. Steadman, F.A. Gerritsen, G. McMahon(2015): The Archaeology of Anatolia: Recent Discoveries (2011-2014) Volume 1 pp. 26 - 45
  • U. Yalçın, F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2016): Anatolian Metal VII. Anatolien und seine Nachbarn vor 10.000 Jahren. pp. 199 - 208 , Bochum
  • R. Krauss, I. Gatsov, P. Nedelcheva, H. Floss(2016): Southeast Europe before Neolithisation. pp. 65 - 71 , Tübingen
  • P. Nedelcheva, I. Gatsov, B. Horejs, R. Krauss, M. Bartelheim(2016): Von Baden bis Troia. Ressourcennutzung, Metallurgie und Wissenstransfer. pp. 507 - 511 , Rahden
  • A. Bursalı, R.D. Özbal, E. Baysal, M. Cifarelli, B. Yağcı, L. Gawlinski(2017): What Shall I Say of Clothes. pp. 123 - 141
  • Ç. Maner, T. Doğan, R.D. Özbal, M. Horowitz, A. Türkekul Bıyık, F.A. Gerritsen, H. Özbal, A. Gilbert(2017): Overturning Certainties in Near Eastern Archaeology. pp. 503 - 520 , Leiden/Boston

Wetenschappelijk artikel

  • R.D. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2011): 2009 yilli Barcin Höyük Kazilari Kazi Sonuclari Toplantisi pp. 198 - 208
  • I. Gatsov, M. Kaye, P. Nedelcheva(2012): Lithic Assemblages from the Prehistoric Settlement at Barcin Hoyuk, Northwestern Turkey. Eurasian Prehistory pp. 125 - 133 ISSN: 1730-8518.
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2012): 2010 Yili Barcin Höyük Kazilari; 33. Kazi Sonuclari Toplantisi pp. 155 - 166
  • H. Özbal, A. Türkekul Biyik, L. Thissen, T. Dogan, F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2012): M. Ö. 7. Binyilda Barcin Höyük Süt Tüketimi Üzerine Yeni Arastirmalar Arkeometri Sonuclari Toplantisi pp. 15 - 32
  • H. Özbal, L. Thissen, T. Dogan, F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal, A. Türkekul Biyik(2013): Neolitik Bati Anadolu ve Marmara Yerlesimleri Çanak Çömleklerinde Organik Kalinti Analizleri Arkeometri Sonuçlari Toplantisi pp. 105 - 114 ISSN: 1017-7671.
  • R.D. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2013): 2011 Yili Barcin Höyük Kazilari Kazi Sonuclari Toplantisi pp. 159 - 168 ISSN: 1017-7655.
  • M.S. Alpaslan Roodenberg, F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2013): Neolithic Burials from Barcin Höyük Anatolica pp. 93 - 111 ISSN: 0066-1554.
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal, L. Thissen(2013): The Earliest Neolithic Levels at Barcin Höyük, Northwestern Turkey Anatolica pp. 53 - 92 ISSN: 0066-1554.
  • H. Özbal, L. Thissen, T. Dogan, F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal, A. Türkekul Biyik(2014): Yenikapi, Asagipinar, Bademagaci ve Barcin Çömleklerinde Organik Kalinti Analizi Arkeometri Sonuçlari Toplantisi pp. 83 - 90 ISSN: 1017-7671.
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2014): 2012 Yili Barcin Höyük Kazilari Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi pp. 471 - 485 ISSN: 1017-7655.
  • B. Weninger, L. Clare, F.A. Gerritsen, B. Horejs, R. Krauss, R.D. Özbal, E. Rohling(2014): Neolithisation and Rapic Climate Change (6600-6000 cal BC) in the Aegean and Southeast Europe Documenta Praehistorica pp. 1 - 31 ISSN: 1854-2492.
  • S. Kooi(2014): 3-D Documentation of archaeological field data using free, open-source modelling software Pharos. Journal of the Netherlands Institute at Athens pp. 99 - 110 ISSN: 2034-3191.
  • E. Baysal(2014): A preliminary typology for beads from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic levels of Barcin Höyük Anatolia Antiqua pp. 1 - 10 ISSN: 1018-1946.
  • R.D. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen, M. Erdalkıran, H. Özbal(2015): 2013 Yılı Barcın Höyük Kazıları 36. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı, vol. 1 pp. 615 - 630
  • R. Pinhasi, D. Fernandes, K. Sirak, M. Novak, S. Connell, S. Alpaslan Roodenberg, F.A. Gerritsen(2015): Optimal Ancient DNA Yields from the Inner Ear Part of the Human Petrous Bone Plos ONE pp. 1 - 13
  • E. Baysal(2015): Neolitik dönem kişisel süs eşyaları: yeni yaklaşımlar ve Türkiye’deki son araştırmalar Tüba-ar. Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology pp. 9 - 23 ISSN: 1301-8566.
  • M. Erdalkıran(2015): Neolithic Bone Spoons from Barcın Höyük. Tüba-ar. Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology pp. 25 - 36 ISSN: 1301-8566.
  • I. Mathieson, I. Lazaridis, N. Rohland, S. Alpaslan Roodenberg, F.A. Gerritsen, R. Pinhasi, D. Reich, W. Haak(2015): Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians Nature pp. 499 - 503
  • M.R. Groenhuijzen, S.J. Kluiving, F.A. Gerritsen, M. Künzel(2015): Geoarchaeological research at Barcın Höyük: implications for the Neolithisation of northwest Anatolia Quarternary International pp. 452 - 461
  • C. Sell, J. Burger, M. Thomas, S. Kreutzer, Y. Diekmann, F.A. Gerritsen, Z. Hofmanová, C. Papageorgopoulou, G. Hellenthal(2016): Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences pp. 6886 - 6891
  • F.A. Gerritsen, J. Burger, G. Hellenthal, Z. Hofmanová, S. Hofmanová, C. Papageorgopoulou(2016): Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Unites States of America pp. 1 - 6
  • M Erdalkiran, R.D. Özbal, H. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2016): 2014 Yılı Barcın Höyük Kazıları 37. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı pp. 407 - 422
  • R.D. Özbal, B. de Groot, L. Thissen, F.A. Gerritsen(2017): Clay preparation and function of the first ceramics in north-west Anatolia: A case study from Neolithic Barcın Höyük Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports pp. 542 - 552
  • M. Erdalkıran(2017): Barcın Höyük 2015 Yılı Kemik Aletlerinin Ön Raporu Arkeometri Sonuçları Toplantısı pp. 235 - 50

Publicatie bedoeld voor een breed publiek

  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2011): Anadolu?da Sütün Tarihöncesi. Neolitik Barcin Höyük pp. 40 - 41
  • R.D. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2012): Barcin Höyük pp. 28 - 31
  • (2013): Barcin Höyük ve Marmara Bölgesi?nde Tariminin Baslangici pp. 51 - 66 ISSN: 1300-4513.
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2013): NIT Excavations at Barcin Höyük, 2012 pp. 13 - 20
  • R.D. Özbal, F.A. Gerritsen(2014): Barcin Höyük?te Neolitik Ayak Izi pp. 26 - 27 ISSN: 1307-5756.
  • A. Bursali, E. Baysal(2016): Turkey's first evil eye? pp. 14 - 15
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal(2016): The Barcin Hoyuk Excavations in 2013 and 2014 pp. 10 - 15
  • F.A. Gerritsen, R.D. Özbal, L. Thissen, M. Erdalkıran, H. Özbal(2017): Barcın Höyük. A Neolithic Village in the Yenişehir Valley pp. 48 - 53






Dr. F.A. Gerritsen

Verbonden aan

Nederlands Instituut in Turkije


01/04/2011 tot 31/03/2016