Public accountability to residents in contractual urban redevelopment


Contracts, deeds, by-laws and other regulatory instruments are used as planning tools to regulate actors (from the public, private and civil sectors) involved in the regeneration of previously developed land. PARCOUR argues that contractual relationships create a specific form of governance that have important implications for the democratic legitimacy of projects for Sustainable Urban Development (SUD). More specifically by studying diverse planning tools in Brazil, UK and the Netherlands, PARCOUR will engage in the comparative evaluation of public accountability in relation to residents. It is also important to acknowledge that both the realisation of the public interest through the use of these planning tools and the accountability of the public sector in contractual processes are under researched. This topic is relevant to section 3.2.3 of the Call on ?Governance and Democracy?, specifically to the ?Poverty, inequality and vulnerability? section in answering ?How governance decisions on the urban environment interact with land, property markets, rights, and the private sector. And the extent to which planning tools take account of these interactions.?

The main outcome of PARCOUR will be the clear evaluation of public accountability, and clear definition of public interest, focusing on dissemination of this knowledge among public authorities with interactive research. The project has 3 phases: 1) Desk research: Understanding different ways in which the public interest is constructed and operationalised in diverse contexts; 2) Field work and analysis: Testing the legitimacy of the planning tools that are able to implement actions for the public interest; 3) Dissemination: Distributing the results to academy and practice.



  • R. Atkinson, M. van den Hurk, M. L. Refinetti Rodrigues Martins, T. Tasan-Kok, W. Korthals Altes, A. Tallon(2015): Guidelines for Research Procedures and Conceptual Framework (Deliverable 1)
  • A Pereira, M van den Hurk, M L Refinetti Rodrigues Martins, W Korthals Altes, R Atkinson, D Williams, T Tasan-Kok, A Tallon(2016): Planning Tools and Regulatory Instruments (Deliverable 4)
  • W Korthals Altes, A Tallon, R Atkinson, M van den Hurk, M L Refinetti Rodrigues Martins, T Tasan-Kok(2016): Initial Institutional Maps (Deliverable 2)
  • M. L. Refinetti Rodrigues Martins, M. van den Hurk, A Pereira, A Tallon, D Williams, W Korthals Altes, C. Cavalheiro, T. Tasan-Kok, R Atkinson(2016): Report on Case Studies (Deliverable 3)
  • M. van den Hurk(2017): Rooilijn: themanummer publiek-private samenwerking
  • T Tasan-Kok, M van den Hurk(2017): Tasan-Kok, T., and Van den Hurk, M. (2017). Contractual arrangements for urban redevelopment: is there an evolution in Dutch planning? Presentation at the Annual Congress of the Association of European Schools of Planning, Lisbon, 11-14 July, 2017.
  • T Tasan-Kok, M van den Hurk(2017): Tasan-Kok, T., & Van den Hurk, M. (2017). The role of the planner: contractor of urban projects. Presentation at the symposium ‘A new technocracy? Landscapes of knowledge in contemporary urban development’, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 20-21 March, 2017.
  • T Tasan-Kok(2017): Special session, ‘Regulation of private sector involvement in large-scale projects’, Annual Congress of the Association of European Schools of Planning, Lisbon, 11-14 July, 2017. Session organized by all PARCOUR partners.
  • M van den Hurk, T Tasan-Kok(2017): Project websiite:
  • M van den Hurk, T Tasan-Kok(2017): Special session, ‘Privatization, the new contractualism and the governance of contemporary cities’, Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers, Boston, 5-9 April, 2017. Session organized by Tuna Tasan-Kok, Martijn van den Hurk, and Mike Rac
  • T Tasan-Kok, M van den Hurk(2017): Van den Hurk, M., Tasan-Kok, T., & Korthals Altes, W. K. (2017). Private sector involvement in the public interest: mapping the Dutch case and seeking opportunities for improvement. Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geograp





Dr. M.T. Tasan-Kok

Verbonden aan

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen


Dr. M.H.H. van den Hurk, Dr. M.H.H. van den Hurk, S. Ozogul MSc, S. Ozogul MSc


01/10/2015 tot 01/07/2018