The Integration of the European Second generation (TIES). A research project in fifteen cities in eight countries


Immigration and the subsequent integration of newcomers is one of the foremost challenges for Europe?s increasingly heterogeneous cities. The integration of the second generation ? the children born of immigrant parentage in the country of immigration ? is crucial to this process. The oldest group of the second generation is now entering the labor market. The first European overview of the position of the second generation can now be made. The TIES project will describe the position of the second generation in several different domains (education, labor market, housing, identity, social relations, family formation, transnationalism, religion) through a standardized international survey.In the TIES project we will compare the Turkish, Moroccan and ex-Yugoslavian second generation (18-35) across fifteen cities in eight countries (Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria and Switzerland). The fact that we can compare the same ethnic group with the same starting position in different countries gives us a unique opportunity to uncover any differential effects of specific city and national contexts. The TIES project will analyse the relative effects of group-specific integration policies as compared to generic policies (including the way the educational system and the transition to the labor market is organized) in promoting or hampering immigrant integration.

The TIES project has started from the beginning of this year. Four out of the eight TIES partners (Germany, France, Belgium and Austria) are already fully funded either by a grant by the Volkswagen Foundation or by ESF in the funding round last year. We now apply for funding for the four other TIES partners who are not yet or only partly funded to participate in the project. The requested funding for the Dutch team is to enable us to coordinate the project internationally.


Boek of monografie

Hoofdstuk in boek

  • M.R.J. Crul(2006): Immigration, education and the Turkish second generation in five European nations: a Comparative Study. In: C. Parsons and T. Smeeding (ed.), Immigration and the transformation of Europe.
  • M.R.J. Crul, G. Groenenwold, L. Heering(2007): Conclusion , Amsterdam/The Hague
  • M.R.J. Crul, L. Heering(2007): Introduction , Amsterdam/The Hague
  • M.R.J. Crul(2007): The Integration of Immigrant Youth pp. 213 - 232 , Berkeley: University of California Press
  • H.A.G. de Valk(2007): Union- and family formation , Amsterdam/The Hague
  • H.A.G. de Valk, M.R.J. Crul(2007): Education , Amsterdam/The Hague
  • M.R.J. Crul, I. Heering(2008): , AMSTERDAM

Wetenschappelijk artikel

  • M.R.J. Crul(2006): Pathways to Success for the Children of Immigrants. Paper for the European taskforce on integration. Washington: MPI. Paper for the European Taskforce
  • R. Aparicio(2007): The Integration of the Second and 1.5 Generations of Moroccan, Dominican and Peruvian Origin in Madrid and Barcelona Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies pp. 1169 - 1193
  • M.R.J. Crul, M. Thomson(2007): The Second Generation in Europe and the United States: How is the Transatlantic Debate Relevant for Further Research on the European Second Generation? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies pp. 1025 - 1041
  • R. Fibbi, M. Lerch, Ph. Wanner(2007): Naturalisation and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Youth of Immigrant Descent in Switzerland Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies pp. 1121 - 1144


  • Lecture: Pathways to Success for The Children of Immigrants. Meeting Taskforce on integration in Berlin, 27/09/06. Organized by MPI (Washington).
  • Publieksfolder TIES project
  • (2006): International TIES workshop in Vienna, 4+5 sept 2006 with the partners of all the eight countries.
  • (2006): Workshop meeting with the Swedish partner in Amsterdam on 4/5 July 2006.
  • (2006): Workshop meeting with the Estonian partner in Tallinn on 14/15 June 2006.
  • M.R.J. Crul, H.A.G. de Valk, L. Heering(2007): School career tracks of second generation youth. First insights into the TIES data on education
  • B.J.P. Crul, A. Pasztor(2007): Patterns of integration: between group and within group differences in the Dutch context. A contribution to the segmented assimilation debate
  • H.A.G. de Valk(2007): School tracksof Dominican and Moroccan young adults: a transatlantic comparison
  • M.R.J. Crul, A. Pastzor, F. Lelie(2008): De tweede generatie. Uitdagingen en kansen voor de stad
  • M.R.J. Crul, A. Pastzorg, F. Lelie, Jonathan Mijs, Philipp Schnell(2009): Valkuilen en springplanken in het onderwijs. Tweede generatie jongeren in Europa vergeleken





Prof. dr. M.R.J. Crul

Verbonden aan

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen, Sociologie


Dr. L. Lessard-Phillips, Dr. J. Schneider, Prof. dr. H.A.G. de Valk


01/06/2006 tot 22/11/2011