A New History of Fishes. A long-term approach to fishes in science and culture, 1550-1880

Samenvatting

This project proposes a new history of European ichthyological knowledge over three centuries (1550-1880). It is a new history because no long-term history of expert fish knowledge has been written since the early 19th century (Cuvier). Moreover, we argue for long-term continuities rather than Foucauldian epistemological breaks. It is new, furthermore, because our project is aligned with the New History of Science: we look at "science" in context - and, therefore, for the early modern period at expert fish knowledge (manifested in collecting practices and information exchange via texts, objects and images) before it became a scientific discipline. We combine this contextual approach with analysis of the important fish books of the 16th-19th centuries, focusing on four aspects that continue to play a key part in ichthyology throughout the period: autopsy (dissection), classification, illustration/description, and rhetorics of description.

Following this approach we hope to answer our central questions: How and where did ichthyology develop as a scientific discipline; how did it take shape as a field of expert knowledge in the cultural context of early-modern and modern Europe. This should throw light on how and why ichthyology formed the scientific avant-garde in zoology from c.1550 until at least the 18th century.

We envisage close interdisciplinary cooperation between specialists in the humanities and experts in the life sciences (ichthyologists). The resulting database of fish species based on largely unexplored historical sources will be made generally available and may eventually help to throw new light on issues of long-term European biodiversity.

Output

Boek of monografie

  • F. Egmond(2018): Conrad Gessners "Thierbuch". Die Originalzeichnungen. pp. 352 , Darmstadt

Hoofdstuk in boek

  • T. Birkhead, M. Greengrass, D. Hildyard, D.P. Preston, P.J. Smith(2016): Virtuoso by Nature: The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS (1635-1672) pp. 142 - 197 , Leiden-Boston
  • F. Egmond, B. De Munck, S. Dupré, G. Vanpaemel, S. Dupré, W. Thomas(2016): Embattled Territory -
The Circulation of Knowledge in the Spanish Netherlands pp. 199 - 227 , Gent
  • F. Egmond(2016): In krabbengang door kreeftenboeken. De Bibliotheca Carcinologica L.B. Holthuis pp. 39 - 44 , Leiden
  • I. Charmantier, P.J. Smith, T. Birkhead, D. Johnston(2016): Virtuoso by Nature: The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS (1635-1672) pp. 360 - 385 , Leiden-Boston
  • M. Ruoss, U. Leu, F. Egmond(2016): Facetten eines Universums, Conrad Gessner 1516–2016 pp. 155 - 163 , Zürich
  • F. Egmond, A. Tosi, P.G. Mason(2017): Balene pp. 73 - 93 , Pisa
  • M. van Delft, E. van der Vlist, J. Bos, F. Egmond, E. Geleijns(2017): Een oud Boeck is oud Goud. Studies over bijzondere werken bij het afscheid van Ad Leerintveld als conservator moderne handschriften van de Koninklijke Bibliotheek pp. 115 - 126 , Den Haag
  • I. Nieuwland, M.N. Rijks, A. Spruit, E. Jorink, E. van Gelder, M.N. Rijks, A. Spruit, E. Jorink, I. Nieuwland, E. van Gelder(2017): 'Dingen die ergens toe dienen’. Verhalen over materiële cultuur van wetenschap pp. 8 - 11 , Hilversum
  • M.N. Rijks, E. Jorink, A. Spruit, I. Nieuwland, E. van Gelder, D.R. van Trijp(2017): 'Dingen die ergens toe dienen’. Verhalen over materiële cultuur van wetenschap pp. 146 - 149 , Hilversum
  • P.J. Smith, S.M. Hendrikx, K.A.E. Enenkel(2017): Emblems and the Natural World pp. 184 - 226 , Leiden-Boston
  • E. Jorink, I. Nieuwland, A. Spruit, M.N. Rijks, M.N. Rijks, E. van Gelder(2017): 'Dingen die ergens toe dienen’. Verhalen over materiële cultuur van wetenschap. pp. 98 - 101 , Hilversum
  • P.J. Smith, K.A.E. Enenkel, K.A.E. Enenkel, P.J. Smith(2017): Emblems and the Natural World pp. 1 - 40 , Leiden-Boston
  • F. Egmond, A. MacGregor(2018): Naturalists in the Field. Collecting, recording and preserving the natural world from the fifteenth to the twenty-first century. pp. 129 - 148 , Leiden-Boston
  • M. Bycroft, M.N. Rijks, S. Dupré(2018): Gems in the Early Modern World. Materials, Knowledge and Global Trade, 1450–1800 pp. 309 - 342
  • É. Crouzet-Pavan, P.J. Smith, D. van Trijp, P. Desan, C. Revest, D. Crouzet(2019): L'humanisme à l'épreuve de l'Europe (XVe-XVIe siècle). Histoire d'une transmutation culturelle pp. 167 - 181 , Ceyzérieu
  • P. Opitz, U.B. Leu, S.M. Hendrikx(2019): Conrad Gessner (1516-1565). Die Renaissance der Wissenschaften/The Renaissance of Learning pp. 607 - 637 , Oldenbourg
  • S. Kusukawa, F. Egmond, U.B. Leu, P. Opitz(2019): Conrad Gessner (1516-1565). Die Renaissance der Wissenschaften/The Renaissance of Learning pp. 581 - 605 , Oldenbourg

Wetenschappelijk artikel

Publicatie bedoeld voor een breed publiek

Kenmerken

Projectnummer

360-55-090

Hoofdaanvrager

Prof. dr. P.J. Smith

Verbonden aan

Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society (LUCAS)

Uitvoerders

Dr. M.F. Egmond, Dr. M.F. Egmond, S.M. Hendrikx MA, Dr. M.N. Rijks, D.R. van Trijp

Looptijd

15/03/2015 tot 15/10/2020