Integrated and Sustainable Port Development in Ghana within an African Context

This project aims to develop an inclusive and participatory framework and tools for the design of integrated and sustainable ports in Africa, by focusing on the Ghanaian port of Tema as a pilot project.

Project presentation UDW-II Kick-off meeting at 9 May 2016


Project leader: Prof. ir. T. (Tiedo) Vellinga (Delft University of Technology)

Consortium partners: Ms M. Keulemans (Netherlands-African Business Council), Dr K. Appeaning Addo (University of Ghana), Prof. Dr. Ir. D. Roelvink (UNESCO-IHE), Dr J. Slinger (Delft University), Prof dr H. Lindeboom (Alterra-Wageningen University), Prof dr R. Brouwer (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), Dr C. Schipper (Deltares)

Consortium partners (institutions): Netherlands-African Business Council, University of Ghana, UNESCO-IHE, Delft University of Technology, Alterra-Wageningen University, VU University Amsterdam, Deltares


The activities associated with traditional port development negatively impact ecosystems and socio-economic functions. Recent initiatives such the Sustainable Ports Guidance of PIANC and IAPH suggest adopting new approaches for sustainable port development.

The aim of this project is to develop a framework and tools for designing integrated and sustainable ports in Africa in which environmental, economic and public benefits are balanced. The project incorporates an integrated approach to port design that is stakeholder-inclusive and encompasses engineering, ecological, economic and governance aspects. A bottom up approach is employed, whereby research in all four disciplines is directed at relevant and practical cases in Africa. The generated knowledge and learning will be applied in developing tools and a generic design framework for African ports. The selected case, i.e., the expansion of port of Tema in Ghana, is expected to demonstrate added value of sustainable designs and serve as a catalyst for other port projects in Africa. To enable this, well-defined activities related to knowledge dissemination and research uptake form an integral part of the project. Academia, applied research and knowledge institutes, practitioners and potential users collaborate as partners in this project; this is invaluable for 'action-based' research and 'demand driven' knowledge development. Additional deliverables of the project are 'Best practice guidelines for implementing integrated and sustainable port development in Africa' and an international 'Green ports Africa network', a community of researchers and private sector practitioners. The proposal development workshop in Ghana, July 2015, gave a promising start to the stakeholder-informed port development process.


Publications for the general public

  • T Vellinga(2016): Kick off Meeting and First General Workshop for Supporting Parties
  • E.S. Nugroho(2016): Nugroho, E. S. 2016. Development of Climate Resilient Ports. Achieving Viable and Efficient Investments in Landlord Container Terminals. MSc thesis, Delft University of Technology
  • A Kangeri(2017): Kangeri, A. (2017). Frameworks for Harbor Sustainability in Africa, MARE Conference 2017, People & the Sea IX: Dealing with Maritime Mobilities, 5-7 July, 2017, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
  • T Vellinga(2017): Vellinga, T., Slinger, J., Taneja, P., Vreugdenhil, H. (2017). Integrated and Sustainable Port Development in Ghana, SMTC 2017, 26-28 April, 2017, Singapore.
  • T Vellinga(2017): Conference presentation Integrated and sustainable port development African Ports Evolution Confernce Accra Ghana, Sept 5 -7 2017
  • K Toebes(2017): Toebes, K. 2017. Pre-feasibility of an inland water container transport service at lake Volta, Ghana. MSc thesis, Delft University of Technology.
  • B.O. Botwe(2017): Botwe , B.O., De Schamphelaere, K., Schipper, C.A. , Teuchies, J., Blust , R., Nyarko, E., Lens, P.L.N. (2017). Integrated hazard, risk and impact assessment of tropical marine sediments from Tema Harbour (Ghana). Chemosphere 177 (2017) 24-34.
  • C.A. Schipper(2017): Schipper, C.A., H. Vreugdenhil, M.P.C. and de Jong. 2017. A Sustainability Assessment of Ports and Port-City Plans: Comparing Ambitions with Achievements. Transportation Research Part D 57C: 84-111.
  • M.J. Koetse(2017): Koetse, M. J. 2017. Relatieve Prijsstijging voor Natuur en Ecosysteemdiensten in de MKBA (Relative price increase for nature and ecosystem services in SCBA's; in Dutch), presented at Workshop Discount Rate for Nature, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessm
  • A van der Kraan(2017): Project Flyer Sustainable Ports Africa
  • J.H. Slinger(2017): Sustainable Ports in Africa Stakeholder Workshop 9 February 2017 Tema, Ghana
  • J.H. Slinger(2017): Slinger, J., Taneja, P., Vellinga, T., van Dorsser, C. (2017). Stakeholder inclusive design for Sustainable Port Development in Africa, SMTC 2017, 26-28 April, 2017, Singapore.
  • A Van der Houten(2017): van der Houten (2017), A System Dynamics Exploration of Port-City Development the Case of Tema, Ghana, MSc thesis.
  • P Tanega(2018): Taneja, P., T. Vellinga, K. Appeaning Addo, J. Slinger, H. Vreugdenhil , W.P. de Boer, A. Kangeri, B. Kothuis, M. Koetse, L. Hagedoorn, C. van Dorsser, E. Mahu, B. Amisigo (2018), Towards a framework for integrated, ecosystem-based port development, PIANC
  • P Taneja(2018): Taneja, P. (2018). Creating a blueprint for sustainable ports, NWO Joint UDW-BDP meeting, Poster presentation, Dhaka, January 21-23, 2018.
  • J.H. Slinger(2018): Slinger, J. (2018). Towards a framework for integrated and sustainable port development, Shaping the Port of the Future. The social, economic and management challenges, 17 April, Civitavecchia, Rome.
  • H.S.I. Vreugdenhil(2018): Vreugdenhil, H., Taneja, P. Slinger, J.H., de Boer, W.P., Kangeri, A. (2018). Operationalizing the concept of Sustainability for Sustainable Port Design: Case of Port of Tema, Ghana, , SIGA2-2018, 2-3 May, 2018, Antwerp.
  • D Rijks(2018): Slinger, J.H., D. Rijks, T. Vellinga, P. Taneja, H. Vreugdenhil, W.P. de Boer, A. Kangeri, B. Kothuis, M. Koetse, L. Hagedoorn, C. van Dorsser, E. Mahu, B. Amisigo, K. Appeaning Addo (2018), The contribution of nature-based concepts to sustainable ports.
  • P Tanegaa(2018): Taneja, P., Vellinga T. (2018). Towards sustainable infrastructure with planned adaptation. PIANC-World Congress 2018, May 7-12, Panama City, Panama.
  • P Taneja(2018): Taneja, P. (2017). Adaptive Port Planning for ports: Sustainable Ports in an uncertain world, Poster presentation, PIANC symposium, Sailing towards Tomorrow - PIANC's navigation chart for R&D, 2nd November, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • T Vellinga(2018): Vellinga, T. (2018). The newest Port of Rotterdam expansion: Innovative and Sustainable. 39th Council & Conference of Ports Management Association West and Central Africa, Accra Ghana, July 30 – August 2, 2018
  • J.H. Slinger(2018): Slinger, J.H., H. Vreugdenhil, P. Taneja, W.P. de Boer, A. Kangeri, B. Kothuis, M. Koetse, L. Hagedoorn, C. van Dorsser, E. Mahu, B. Amisigo, K. Appeaning Addo, T. Vellinga (2018). Diffusing knowledge on Sustainable Port Development, PIANC-World Congress
  • J.H. Slinger(2018): Slinger, J. H. and de Boer, W. Sustainable Ports in Africa. PIANC Netherlands symposium, Sailing towards Tomorrow - PIANC's navigation chart for R&D, 2nd November, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
  • N Van Leeuwen(2018): Niels van Leeuwen, Lars Pije, Ascha Simons, Chris Wauben. 2018. Analysis of two coastal lagoons in Ghana: An investigation of boundary conditions for the redesign of two lagoons along the Ghanaian coast, Report of research carried out in Ghana, May 2018.
  • L Hagedoorn(2018): PhD Research proposal: Liselotte Hagedoorn (2018). Valuation of ecosystem services in developing countries across Asia, Africa and the Pacific: The differential effects of using time and money as payment vehicles in choice experiments, PhD Proposal, Insti
  • W.P. de Boer(2018): de Boer, W.P., Slinger, J.H., Kangeri, A., Taneja, P., Vreugdenhil, H. (2018). Towards an ecosystem based port design process: Lessons learnt from Tema Port, Ghana, PIANC-World Congress, 7 – 12 May 2018, Panama City, Panama.
  • J.H. Slinger(2018): Slinger, J.H., P. Taneja, B. Kothuis, H. Vreugdenhil, W.P. de Boer, A. Kangeri, M. Koetse, L. Hagedoorn, C. van Dorsser, E. Mahu, B. Amisigo, K. Appeaning Addo, T. Vellinga (2018), Designing for stakeholder values in port development in Africa, PIANC-Wo
  • J.K. Mol(2018): Mol, J.K, Wiebe P. de Boer, Tiedo Vellinga, Jill H. Slinger, Victor Beumer (2018). Exploring Potential Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for Seaport Operability. PIANC-World Congress, 7 – 12 May 2018, Panama City, Panama.
  • H.S.I. Vreugdenhil(2018): Vreugdenhil, HSI., Slinger, J.H., Ottow, B., Ker Rault, P., Giardino, A., Briere, C. (2018). Adding value through stakeholder processes in Integrated Coastal Management and Sustainable Sea Port development in data-poor environments. Adaptation Futures


Project number

W 07.69.206

Main applicant

Prof. ir. T. Vellinga

Affiliated with

Technische Universiteit Delft, Faculteit Civiele Techniek en Geowetenschappen, Afdeling Hydraulic Engineering

Team members

Dr. B. Amisigo, W. de Boer, Drs. A. Kihara Kangeri, Dr. M.J.J. Koetse, Dr. B.L.M. Kothuis, Dr. E. Mahu, Prof. ir. T. Vellinga, Dr. ir. H.S.I. Vreugdenhil