JUridical and context-aware Sharing of informaTion for ensuring compliance (JUST)


Both for carriers and customs, containerisation causes uncertainty about the exact nature and (possibly dangerous or unlawful) attributes of cargo stowed in these boxes. Increasingly carriers actively generate relevant information about nature and dangers of containerised cargoes carried on their ships as part of their risk assessment and management. Information gained from these controls may allow customs to enhance their risk assessment and alternate between monitoring instruments (e.g. less physical inspec-tions). However, the juridical status of information gathered and the legality of (modes of) information-sharing are unclear due to legal considerations such as privacy protection and goal-binding of information collected. This is a major barrier for companies to share extra information with customs derived from their internal controls. This research is aimed at gaining insight in the control measures used by carriers, the kinds of information stored, the legal status of the information, and the possibilities to share information based on the context from a juridical and information-sharing perspective. Information-sharing and the surrounding legal framework need to be in concert to ensure a sound legal basis for this collaboration between carriers and customs and a lawful status of the information thus shared. However, this relation-ship is ill-understood. The interrelation between (modes of) information-gathering, -storing and -sharing and the applicable legal rules is examined in a joint project in which researchers with ICT and legal expertise collaborate. This should result in a balanced and orchestrated information-sharing process capable of providing mutual benefits for carriers and customs and of surviving legal scrutiny.



Scientific article


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. M.F.W.H.A. Janssen

Affiliated with

Technische Universiteit Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management, Veiligheidskunde en Technology Assessment

Team members

Drs. S.H. van Engelenburg, A.K. Karampetsou, A. Konstantina


01/10/2014 to 01/02/2019