Cycling booms in many Dutch cities. While smart cycling innovations promise to increase cycling?s modal share in the (peri-)urban transport system even further, little is understood of their impact or cost and benefit. The ?Smart Cycling Futures (SCF)? program investigates how smart cycling innovations ─ including ICT-enabled cycling innovations, infrastructures, and social innovations like new business models ─ contribute to more resilient and liveable Dutch urban regions. Cycling innovations benefit urban regions in terms of accessibility, equality, health, liveability, and decreasing CO2-emissions when socially well embedded. To facilitate a transition to a sustainable future that respond to pressing issues, the SCF research project runs urban living labs in close collaboration with key stakeholders to develop transdisciplinary insights in the conditions needed for upscaling smart-cycling initiatives. Each living lab involving real-world experiments responds to the urgent challenges that urban regions and their stakeholders face today. The proposed research sub-programs focus on institutional dynamics, entrepreneurial strategies, governance and the socio-spatial conditions for smart cycling. Going beyond analysis, we also assess the economic, social, and spatial impacts of cycling on urban regions. The research program brings together four Dutch regions through academic institutions (three general and one applied-science universities); governmental authorities (urban and regional); and market players (innovative entrepreneurs). Together, they answer practice-based questions in a transdisciplinary and problem-oriented fashion. Research in the four regions generates both region-specific and universally applicable findings. Finally, SCF uses its strong research-practice network around cycling to co-create the research and run an outreach program.


Book or monography

  • F Veraart, R Oldenziel, M Emanuel, A de la Bruhèze(2016): Cycling Cities: The European Experience

Chapter in book

  • M te Brommelstroet, V Mamadouh, A van Wageningen(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the Ci pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • V Mamadouh, A Van Wageningen, M Te Brömmelstroet(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the City pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): 'Fietsen naar 2040 pp. 6 - 7
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Beweegvriendelijke Stad pp. 46 - 50
  • A Becker, M Te Brömmelstroet, P Schmall, S Lampe, R van der Zee(2018): Ride a Bike! Reclaim the city pp. 56 - 60
  • P Cox, S Nello-Deakin, T Koglin, A Nikolaeva(2019): The Politics of Bicycle Infrastructure pp. ? - ?

Scientific article

Professional publication

  • F Sengers(2016): Experimenten voor de transitie naar duurzame steden
  • R Oldenziel, a de la Bruhèze(2016): Amsterdam: Capitale Mondiale De Vélos. Par Hasard
  • P van Wesemael(2016): Lost in Translation, drie parallelle disciplinaire discoursen over actief beweeggedrag (en fietsen in het bijzonder) pp. 54 - 57
  • P van Wesemael(2017): Eindhoven de gezondste (en slimste) pp. 16 - 18
  • J Ranson, RPJM Raven, C Boekhoudt, M te Brömmelstroet(2017): Mechanismes achter routekeuze fietser
  • M Te Brömmelstroet(2018): Eye contact, body language and a nod pp. 15 - 25
  • J Farla, A van Waes, A Nikolaeva, RPJM Raven(2018): Towards urban mobility transitions. Promises of and challenges in implementing bike sharing systems.
  • A van Waes, L Harms, K Munzel(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam. Onderzoek onder gebruikers van Flickbike

Publication meant for a broad audience

Publications for the general public

  • RPJM Raven(2016): Transities in de experimentele stad
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Is smart cycling innovation contributing to urban transitions and how can we know if they are?.
  • P van Wesemael(2016): The Dutch Urban Approach, Healthy Cities and Cycling, introducing poly-centric planning and village-making into the city and the metropolitan region
  • A Nikolaeva(2016): From Constructed Scarcity and Mobility Austerity towards Mobility Commons?
  • L Feldman, M Te Brömmelstroet(2016): What’s up with Amy: De radicale betekenis van een ontmoeting
  • J van Benthem(2016): Ruth Oldenziel: Amerikaanse in Nederland
  • RPJM Raven(2016): ‘Urban innovation – the next step. Powering urban regions with new knowledge on smart and sustainable development. October 6, Breda.
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Fietstransities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Narrating decarbonisation throught the re-design of an everyday practice
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • M Popkema(2016): ICT, verstedelijking en emancipatie
  • D Hill(2016): London Cycling and the By Chance Success of Amsterdam
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • T Verkade(2017): Door deze fietsprofessor kijk je voor altijd anders tegen het fileprobleem aan
  • RPJM Raven(2017): De stad als oplossing?
  • A Nikolaeva, S Nello Deakin(2017): Re-imagining a City through Mobility: Exploring the Meanings of Velotopia
  • G.Y. Liu, S Krishnamurthy, PJM van Wesemael(2017): The ambiguity of cycling and urban design
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Magie van de Nederlandse Fiets
  • M te Brommelstroer, Glaser M(2017): Shutting off the lights: Disruption in everyday mobility practice as a lens for analysing cyclist behaviour
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Challenging the mobility narrative
  • D Vale, M te Brommelstroet(2017): Promoting bike-and-ride: challenges and opportunities”, JPI Urban Europe Accessibility Workshop
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Unpacking Smart Cycling Futures
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Exploring the relationship between the urban environment and cycling: what is the status of current academic thinking?,
  • P van Wesemael(2017): The Living Cities Research Program: the case of Healthy Cities
  • PJV van Wesemael, G Liu, S Krishnamurthy(2017): The ambiguity of cycling and urban design
  • A van Waes(2017): Gooi de deelfiets niet weg
  • A vab Waes(2017): Deelfiets: hype of hoop?
  • P van Wesemael, ML Sousa, R Oldenziel(2017): International Technocrats Transnational Script for the Future of Urban Mobility throughout the Twentieth Century, in Mobile Utopia, pasts, presents, futures
  • RPJM Raven, J Ranson, A Nikolaeva, M te Brömmelstroet(2017): Smart Cycling Futures: Charting the New Terrrain
  • A van Waes(2017): Leren van de deelfiets
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Het trein-fietssysteem
  • A van Waes, J Farla, RPJM Raven, J. de Jong(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of smart cycling innovations
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Commoning Mobility
  • R Oldenziel(2017): Cycling Cities
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Cycling Experiments: Why and How
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): The Swarm as a new mobility metaphor
  • M Glaser, M te Brommelstroet(2017): Op een (oude) fiets moet je het leren: Een auto-etnografische analyse van het leerproces bij ‘policy transfer
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Towards a better understanding of cycling environments
  • A van Waes(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam
  • A Nikolaeva(2018): Smart Cycling Futures: Moving Towards a Research Agenda
  • G Liu(2018): Evaluating Urban Design from the Cycling Perspective using Virtual Reality and 360-degree Video.
  • P van Wesemael(2018): Mobile Visions, towards a vehicular urbanism (and beyond?)
  • A Nikolaeva, S Nello Deakin(2018): Velotopian Futures: Where le Corbusier meets Constant?
  • A Nikolaeva(2018): Mobility Politics of Smart Cycling Cities
  • A van Waes, J Farla, RPJM Raven(2018): Co-shaping urban mobility innovation across geographical contexts. The case of bike sharing in the Netherlands and China
  • T Cresswell, J LEE, A Nikolaeva, P Adey, A Novoa, C Temenos(2018): A new politics of mobility: Commoning movement, meaning and practice in Amsterdam and Santiago
  • M Te Brommelstroet, A Nikolaeva(2019): Various mentions in newspapers, blogs, podcasts and contributions to lectures.
  • A Nikolaeva(2019): ‘Rethinking mobility as commons’
  • M Te Brömmelstroet(2019): MOOC op Coursera, Unraveling the Cycling City, 1.000 deelnemers.
  • A Nikolaeva(2019): ‘What is counted and what counts: Cycling data collection, smart technology, and the politics of knowledge’
  • A Nikola(2019): ‘Governance of Low Carbon Transitions’
  • M Te Brömmelstroet, T Hahn(2020): Collaboration, experimentation, continuous improvement: Exploring an iterative way of working in the Municipality of Amsterdam’s Bicycle Program


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. R.P.J.M. Raven

Affiliated with

Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Geowetenschappen, Department of Sustainable Development

Team members

M.J. Bruno, S. Deakin MSc, Y.G. Liu, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, A.H.M. van Waes MSc