Cycling booms in many Dutch cities. While smart cycling innovations promise to increase cycling?s modal share in the (peri-)urban transport system even further, little is understood of their impact or cost and benefit. The ?Smart Cycling Futures (SCF)? program investigates how smart cycling innovations ─ including ICT-enabled cycling innovations, infrastructures, and social innovations like new business models ─ contribute to more resilient and liveable Dutch urban regions. Cycling innovations benefit urban regions in terms of accessibility, equality, health, liveability, and decreasing CO2-emissions when socially well embedded. To facilitate a transition to a sustainable future that respond to pressing issues, the SCF research project runs urban living labs in close collaboration with key stakeholders to develop transdisciplinary insights in the conditions needed for upscaling smart-cycling initiatives. Each living lab involving real-world experiments responds to the urgent challenges that urban regions and their stakeholders face today. The proposed research sub-programs focus on institutional dynamics, entrepreneurial strategies, governance and the socio-spatial conditions for smart cycling. Going beyond analysis, we also assess the economic, social, and spatial impacts of cycling on urban regions. The research program brings together four Dutch regions through academic institutions (three general and one applied-science universities); governmental authorities (urban and regional); and market players (innovative entrepreneurs). Together, they answer practice-based questions in a transdisciplinary and problem-oriented fashion. Research in the four regions generates both region-specific and universally applicable findings. Finally, SCF uses its strong research-practice network around cycling to co-create the research and run an outreach program.


Book or monography

  • A de la Bruhèze, M Emanuel, R Oldenziel, F Veraart(2016): Cycling Cities: The European Experience

Chapter in book

  • M te Brommelstroet, A van Wageningen, V Mamadouh(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the Ci pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • M Te Brömmelstroet, V Mamadouh, A Van Wageningen(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the City pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Beweegvriendelijke Stad pp. 46 - 50
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): 'Fietsen naar 2040 pp. 6 - 7
  • S Lampe, M Te Brömmelstroet, P Schmall, A Becker, R van der Zee(2018): Ride a Bike! Reclaim the city pp. 56 - 60

Scientific article

Professional publication

  • P van Wesemael(2016): Lost in Translation, drie parallelle disciplinaire discoursen over actief beweeggedrag (en fietsen in het bijzonder) pp. 54 - 57
  • a de la Bruhèze, R Oldenziel(2016): Amsterdam: Capitale Mondiale De Vélos. Par Hasard
  • F Sengers(2016): Experimenten voor de transitie naar duurzame steden
  • M te Brömmelstroet, C Boekhoudt, J Ranson, RPJM Raven(2017): Mechanismes achter routekeuze fietser
  • P van Wesemael(2017): Eindhoven de gezondste (en slimste) pp. 16 - 18
  • M Te Brömmelstroet(2018): Eye contact, body language and a nod pp. 15 - 25
  • RPJM Raven, A Nikolaeva, A van Waes, J Farla(2018): Towards urban mobility transitions. Promises of and challenges in implementing bike sharing systems.
  • K Munzel, A van Waes, L Harms(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam. Onderzoek onder gebruikers van Flickbike

Publication meant for a broad audience

Publications for the general public

  • RPJM Raven(2016): Is smart cycling innovation contributing to urban transitions and how can we know if they are?.
  • P van Wesemael(2016): The Dutch Urban Approach, Healthy Cities and Cycling, introducing poly-centric planning and village-making into the city and the metropolitan region
  • J van Benthem(2016): Ruth Oldenziel: Amerikaanse in Nederland
  • M Popkema(2016): ICT, verstedelijking en emancipatie
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Transities in de experimentele stad
  • D Hill(2016): London Cycling and the By Chance Success of Amsterdam
  • L Feldman, M Te Brömmelstroet(2016): What’s up with Amy: De radicale betekenis van een ontmoeting
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): ‘Urban innovation – the next step. Powering urban regions with new knowledge on smart and sustainable development. October 6, Breda.
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Narrating decarbonisation throught the re-design of an everyday practice
  • A Nikolaeva(2016): From Constructed Scarcity and Mobility Austerity towards Mobility Commons?
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Fietstransities
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Exploring the relationship between the urban environment and cycling: what is the status of current academic thinking?,
  • Glaser M, M te Brommelstroer(2017): Shutting off the lights: Disruption in everyday mobility practice as a lens for analysing cyclist behaviour
  • A van Waes(2017): Leren van de deelfiets
  • A vab Waes(2017): Deelfiets: hype of hoop?
  • A Nikolaeva, S Nello Deakin(2017): Re-imagining a City through Mobility: Exploring the Meanings of Velotopia
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Unpacking Smart Cycling Futures
  • S Krishnamurthy, G.Y. Liu, PJM van Wesemael(2017): The ambiguity of cycling and urban design
  • P van Wesemael(2017): The Living Cities Research Program: the case of Healthy Cities
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Het trein-fietssysteem
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Commoning Mobility
  • R Oldenziel(2017): Cycling Cities
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Cycling Experiments: Why and How
  • M Glaser, M te Brommelstroet(2017): Op een (oude) fiets moet je het leren: Een auto-etnografische analyse van het leerproces bij ‘policy transfer
  • D Vale, M te Brommelstroet(2017): Promoting bike-and-ride: challenges and opportunities”, JPI Urban Europe Accessibility Workshop
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Magie van de Nederlandse Fiets
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • RPJM Raven(2017): De stad als oplossing?
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • T Verkade(2017): Door deze fietsprofessor kijk je voor altijd anders tegen het fileprobleem aan
  • S Krishnamurthy, PJV van Wesemael, G Liu(2017): The ambiguity of cycling and urban design
  • A van Waes, RPJM Raven, J Farla, J. de Jong(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of smart cycling innovations
  • RPJM Raven, J Ranson, M te Brömmelstroet, A Nikolaeva(2017): Smart Cycling Futures: Charting the New Terrrain
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): The Swarm as a new mobility metaphor
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Towards a better understanding of cycling environments
  • P van Wesemael, ML Sousa, R Oldenziel(2017): International Technocrats Transnational Script for the Future of Urban Mobility throughout the Twentieth Century, in Mobile Utopia, pasts, presents, futures
  • A van Waes(2017): Gooi de deelfiets niet weg
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Challenging the mobility narrative
  • A van Waes(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam
  • A van Waes, RPJM Raven, J Farla(2018): Co-shaping urban mobility innovation across geographical contexts. The case of bike sharing in the Netherlands and China
  • P van Wesemael(2018): Mobile Visions, towards a vehicular urbanism (and beyond?)
  • G Liu(2018): Evaluating Urban Design from the Cycling Perspective using Virtual Reality and 360-degree Video.
  • C Temenos, J LEE, A Novoa, P Adey, A Nikolaeva, T Cresswell(2018): A new politics of mobility: Commoning movement, meaning and practice in Amsterdam and Santiago
  • A Nikolaeva(2018): Smart Cycling Futures: Moving Towards a Research Agenda
  • A Nikolaeva(2018): Mobility Politics of Smart Cycling Cities
  • S Nello Deakin, A Nikolaeva(2018): Velotopian Futures: Where le Corbusier meets Constant?


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. R.P.J.M. Raven

Affiliated with

Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Geowetenschappen, Department of Sustainable Development

Team members

M.J. Bruno, S. Deakin MSc, Y.G. Liu, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, A.H.M. van Waes MSc