Cycling booms in many Dutch cities. While smart cycling innovations promise to increase cycling?s modal share in the (peri-)urban transport system even further, little is understood of their impact or cost and benefit. The ?Smart Cycling Futures (SCF)? program investigates how smart cycling innovations ─ including ICT-enabled cycling innovations, infrastructures, and social innovations like new business models ─ contribute to more resilient and liveable Dutch urban regions. Cycling innovations benefit urban regions in terms of accessibility, equality, health, liveability, and decreasing CO2-emissions when socially well embedded. To facilitate a transition to a sustainable future that respond to pressing issues, the SCF research project runs urban living labs in close collaboration with key stakeholders to develop transdisciplinary insights in the conditions needed for upscaling smart-cycling initiatives. Each living lab involving real-world experiments responds to the urgent challenges that urban regions and their stakeholders face today. The proposed research sub-programs focus on institutional dynamics, entrepreneurial strategies, governance and the socio-spatial conditions for smart cycling. Going beyond analysis, we also assess the economic, social, and spatial impacts of cycling on urban regions. The research program brings together four Dutch regions through academic institutions (three general and one applied-science universities); governmental authorities (urban and regional); and market players (innovative entrepreneurs). Together, they answer practice-based questions in a transdisciplinary and problem-oriented fashion. Research in the four regions generates both region-specific and universally applicable findings. Finally, SCF uses its strong research-practice network around cycling to co-create the research and run an outreach program.


Scientific article

  • R Kager, M Brömmelstroet, L Bertolini(2016): Characterisation of and reflections on the synergy of bicycles and public transport Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice pp. 208 - 219
  • L Bertolini, M Brömmelstroet, L Harms(2016): Performance of municipal cycling policies in medium-sized cities in the Netherlands since 2000 Transport Reviews pp. 134 - 162
  • C Chan, M te Brömmelstroet, A Nikolaeva, M Nicolaisen, M Glaser(2017): Travelling together alone and alone together Mobility and potential exposure to diversity Applied Mobilities pp. ? - ?
  • M Sheller, C Temenos, T Schwanen, F Sengers, T Cresswell, A Nikolaeva(2017): Theorising Mobility Transitions: An Interdisciplinary Conversation Transfers pp. ? - ?

Chapter in book

  • V Mamadouh, M Te Brömmelstroet, A Van Wageningen(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the City pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam

Book or monography

  • M Emanuel, R Oldenziel, F Veraart, A de la Bruhèze(2016): Cycling Cities: The European Experience

Publication meant for a broad audience

Professional publication

  • P van Wesemael(2016): Lost in Translation, drie parallelle disciplinaire discoursen over actief beweeggedrag (en fietsen in het bijzonder) pp. 54 - 57
  • F Sengers(2016): Experimenten voor de transitie naar duurzame steden
  • a de la Bruhèze, R Oldenziel(2016): Amsterdam: Capitale Mondiale De Vélos. Par Hasard

Publical information

  • P van Wesemael(2016): The Dutch Urban Approach, Healthy Cities and Cycling, introducing poly-centric planning and village-making into the city and the metropolitan region
  • M Te Brömmelstroet, L Feldman(2016): What’s up with Amy: De radicale betekenis van een ontmoeting
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Transities in de experimentele stad
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Is smart cycling innovation contributing to urban transitions and how can we know if they are?.
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Fietstransities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Narrating decarbonisation throught the re-design of an everyday practice
  • A Nikolaeva(2016): From Constructed Scarcity and Mobility Austerity towards Mobility Commons?
  • M Popkema(2016): ICT, verstedelijking en emancipatie
  • J van Benthem(2016): Ruth Oldenziel: Amerikaanse in Nederland
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • D Hill(2016): London Cycling and the By Chance Success of Amsterdam
  • RPJM Raven(2016): ‘Urban innovation – the next step. Powering urban regions with new knowledge on smart and sustainable development. October 6, Breda.
  • R Oldenziel(2017): Cycling Cities
  • RPJM Raven(2017): De stad als oplossing?
  • A van Waes, RPJM Raven, J Farla, J. de Jong(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of smart cycling innovations


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. R.P.J.M. Raven

Affiliated with

Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Geowetenschappen, Departement Innovatie-, Milieu en Energiewetenschappen

Team members

M.J. Bruno, S. Deakin MSc, Y.G. Liu, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, A.H.M. van Waes MSc