Cycling booms in many Dutch cities. While smart cycling innovations promise to increase cycling?s modal share in the (peri-)urban transport system even further, little is understood of their impact or cost and benefit. The ?Smart Cycling Futures (SCF)? program investigates how smart cycling innovations ─ including ICT-enabled cycling innovations, infrastructures, and social innovations like new business models ─ contribute to more resilient and liveable Dutch urban regions. Cycling innovations benefit urban regions in terms of accessibility, equality, health, liveability, and decreasing CO2-emissions when socially well embedded. To facilitate a transition to a sustainable future that respond to pressing issues, the SCF research project runs urban living labs in close collaboration with key stakeholders to develop transdisciplinary insights in the conditions needed for upscaling smart-cycling initiatives. Each living lab involving real-world experiments responds to the urgent challenges that urban regions and their stakeholders face today. The proposed research sub-programs focus on institutional dynamics, entrepreneurial strategies, governance and the socio-spatial conditions for smart cycling. Going beyond analysis, we also assess the economic, social, and spatial impacts of cycling on urban regions. The research program brings together four Dutch regions through academic institutions (three general and one applied-science universities); governmental authorities (urban and regional); and market players (innovative entrepreneurs). Together, they answer practice-based questions in a transdisciplinary and problem-oriented fashion. Research in the four regions generates both region-specific and universally applicable findings. Finally, SCF uses its strong research-practice network around cycling to co-create the research and run an outreach program.


Book or monography

  • F Veraart, M Emanuel, R Oldenziel, A de la Bruhèze(2016): Cycling Cities: The European Experience

Chapter in book

  • A Van Wageningen, M Te Brömmelstroet, V Mamadouh(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the City pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • A van Wageningen, M te Brommelstroet, V Mamadouh(2016): Urban Europe: Fifty Tales of the Ci pp. 243 - 250 , Amsterdam
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): 'Fietsen naar 2040 pp. 6 - 7
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Beweegvriendelijke Stad pp. 46 - 50

Scientific article

  • R Kager, M Brömmelstroet, L Bertolini(2016): Characterisation of and reflections on the synergy of bicycles and public transport Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice pp. 208 - 219
  • M Brömmelstroet, L Bertolini, L Harms(2016): Performance of municipal cycling policies in medium-sized cities in the Netherlands since 2000 Transport Reviews pp. 134 - 162
  • C Chan, M te Brömmelstroet, M Nicolaisen, A Nikolaeva, M Glaser(2017): Travelling together alone and alone together Mobility and potential exposure to diversity Applied Mobilities pp. ? - ?
  • M te Brömmelstroet, L Bertolini, S Nello-Deakin(2017): Velotopia: The Production of Cyclespace in Our Minds and Our Cities Transport Geography pp. 48 - 49
  • S Krishnamurthy, P van Wesemael(2017): Co-evolution of Brabant’s spatial logics Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies pp. ? - ?
  • T Cresswell, F Sengers, A Nikolaeva, T Schwanen, C Temenos, M Sheller(2017): Theorising Mobility Transitions: An Interdisciplinary Conversation Transfers pp. ? - ?

Professional publication

  • F Sengers(2016): Experimenten voor de transitie naar duurzame steden
  • R Oldenziel, a de la Bruhèze(2016): Amsterdam: Capitale Mondiale De Vélos. Par Hasard
  • P van Wesemael(2016): Lost in Translation, drie parallelle disciplinaire discoursen over actief beweeggedrag (en fietsen in het bijzonder) pp. 54 - 57
  • M te Brömmelstroet, RPJM Raven, J Ranson, C Boekhoudt(2017): Mechanismes achter routekeuze fietser
  • P van Wesemael(2017): Eindhoven de gezondste (en slimste) pp. 16 - 18
  • L Harms, K Munzel, A van Waes(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam. Onderzoek onder gebruikers van Flickbike
  • J Farla, A Nikolaeva, A van Waes, RPJM Raven(2018): Towards urban mobility transitions. Promises of and challenges in implementing bike sharing systems.

Publication meant for a broad audience

Publications for the general public

  • RPJM Raven(2016): Is smart cycling innovation contributing to urban transitions and how can we know if they are?.
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Fietstransities
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Transities in de experimentele stad
  • M Popkema(2016): ICT, verstedelijking en emancipatie
  • D Hill(2016): London Cycling and the By Chance Success of Amsterdam
  • RPJM Raven(2016): ‘Urban innovation – the next step. Powering urban regions with new knowledge on smart and sustainable development. October 6, Breda.
  • L Feldman, M Te Brömmelstroet(2016): What’s up with Amy: De radicale betekenis van een ontmoeting
  • RPJM Raven(2016): Narrating decarbonisation throught the re-design of an everyday practice
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • J van Benthem(2016): Ruth Oldenziel: Amerikaanse in Nederland
  • P van Wesemael(2016): The Dutch Urban Approach, Healthy Cities and Cycling, introducing poly-centric planning and village-making into the city and the metropolitan region
  • A Nikolaeva(2016): From Constructed Scarcity and Mobility Austerity towards Mobility Commons?
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • R Oldenziel(2016): Cycling cities
  • P van Wesemael, R Oldenziel, ML Sousa(2017): International Technocrats Transnational Script for the Future of Urban Mobility throughout the Twentieth Century, in Mobile Utopia, pasts, presents, futures
  • A vab Waes(2017): Deelfiets: hype of hoop?
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Het trein-fietssysteem
  • M te Brommelstroet, M Glaser(2017): Op een (oude) fiets moet je het leren: Een auto-etnografische analyse van het leerproces bij ‘policy transfer
  • A van Waes(2017): Leren van de deelfiets
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): De Magie van de Nederlandse Fiets
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): The Swarm as a new mobility metaphor
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Unpacking Smart Cycling Futures
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Cycling Experiments: Why and How
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • M te Brommelstroet(2017): Challenging the mobility narrative
  • A van Waes(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of bike sharing
  • M te Brömmelstroet, A Nikolaeva, RPJM Raven, J Ranson(2017): Smart Cycling Futures: Charting the New Terrrain
  • P van Wesemael(2017): The Living Cities Research Program: the case of Healthy Cities
  • RPJM Raven(2017): De stad als oplossing?
  • A van Waes, J Farla, J. de Jong, RPJM Raven(2017): Business models for socio-technical transitions: the case of smart cycling innovations
  • A Nikolaeva(2017): Commoning Mobility
  • D Vale, M te Brommelstroet(2017): Promoting bike-and-ride: challenges and opportunities”, JPI Urban Europe Accessibility Workshop
  • G.Y. Liu, S Krishnamurthy, PJM van Wesemael(2017): The ambiguity of cycling and urban design
  • A van Waes(2017): Gooi de deelfiets niet weg
  • Glaser M, M te Brommelstroer(2017): Shutting off the lights: Disruption in everyday mobility practice as a lens for analysing cyclist behaviour
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Towards a better understanding of cycling environments
  • T Verkade(2017): Door deze fietsprofessor kijk je voor altijd anders tegen het fileprobleem aan
  • R Oldenziel(2017): Cycling Cities
  • S Nello Deakin, A Nikolaeva(2017): Re-imagining a City through Mobility: Exploring the Meanings of Velotopia
  • S Nello Deakin(2017): Exploring the relationship between the urban environment and cycling: what is the status of current academic thinking?,
  • P van Wesemael(2018): Mobile Visions, towards a vehicular urbanism (and beyond?)
  • A van Waes, RPJM Raven, J Farla(2018): Co-shaping urban mobility innovation across geographical contexts. The case of bike sharing in the Netherlands and China
  • C Temenos, A Nikolaeva, A Novoa, J LEE, P Adey, T Cresswell(2018): A new politics of mobility: Commoning movement, meaning and practice in Amsterdam and Santiago
  • A van Waes(2018): Deelfietsgebruik in Amsterdam
  • G Liu(2018): Evaluating Urban Design from the Cycling Perspective using Virtual Reality and 360-degree Video.


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. R.P.J.M. Raven

Affiliated with

Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Geowetenschappen, Departement Innovatie-, Milieu en Energiewetenschappen

Team members

M.J. Bruno, S. Deakin MSc, Y.G. Liu, Dr. A. Nikolaeva, A.H.M. van Waes MSc