Virtual Interiors as Interfaces for Big Historical Data Research Spatially enhanced publications of the creative industries of the Dutch Golden Age


The Semantic Web needs interfaces for critical, trustworthy readings of Big Data for humanities research, cultural heritage and creative industries. (Re-)using data on the production and consumption of cultural goods, geodata, maps and building plans of the Dutch Golden Age, the ‘Virtual Interiors’ project will unlock the research potential of big historical data in a geospatial context. Virtual reconstructions of interiors of houses and their locations in Amsterdam of the Dutch Golden Age will not only provide insight in socio-spatial aspects of the cultural production and consumption of the creative industries, but also contribute to the development of spatial humanities and digital hermeneutic methods. The Amsterdam case study focuses on the implementation of these methods by enhancements of GIS with applications of “deep/thick maps” and historic reconstructions in virtual 3D/4D spaces with multiple perspective views and visual representations of uncertainty. However, the question how we tell, edit and represent “stories”
in virtual reconstructions with incomplete/inconsistent data has relevance far beyond the historic case of Amsterdam. Contextualising these virtual historic reconstructions with sustainable annotations provides input for the creation of more generic, multidimensional “hyperspaces” that serve as interactive interfaces for research in the digital humanities, cultural heritage, creative industries and beyond. Sustainable solutions for identifying and annotating locations and events in continuously changing configurations in multidimensional virtual spaces are both conceptual and technical challenges for augmented reality applications and games. Finally, the dissemination and preservation of these enriched reconstructions as enhanced publications support research, cultural heritage and creative industries.


Chapter in book

  • G. van Tussenbroek(2018): Keltern, Brauen, Brennen – Baulichkeiten der Produktion und der Lagerung pp. 167 - 176 , Petersberg
  • G. van Tussenbroek(2019): Dänemark und der Hausbau im Norden pp. 279 - 298 , Petersberg
  • C.M.J.M. van den Heuvel(2019): Knowledge Management, Arts, and Humanities. Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning pp. 121 - 146
  • G. van Tussenbroek(2019): Essence and Applications of Building Archaeology in China and Europe pp. 137 - 152 , Beijing
  • G. van Tussenbroek(2019): Eindafrekening met pepernoten. Voor een onbetaalbare bijdrage aan het bouwrecht and beyond. Vriendenboek aangeboden aan M.A.B. Chao-Duivis pp. 73 - 87 , 's-Gravenhage
  • C.M.J.M. van den Heuvel(2019): Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age. Standards, Systems, Scholarship pp. 434 - 445
  • C.M.J.M. van den Heuvel(2020): The Power of Networks: Prospects of Historical Network Research pp. 189 - 223
  • H.C. Huurdeman, C.B.M. Piccoli(2020): CHIIR '20 pp. 338 - 342

Scientific article

Professional publication

Publication meant for a broad audience

Publications for the general public


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. C.M.J.M. van den Heuvel

Affiliated with

Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Huygens Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis

Team members

Dr. H.C. Huurdeman, W. Li MSc, Dr. C.B.M. Piccoli, B.E. Reuvekamp MA


01/09/2018 to 30/06/2022