Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in the Netherlands


The goal of this investment is to build a large-scale longitudinal survey to study the integration of immigrant children in the Netherlands.
Children of immigrants make up a large and rapidly growing proportion of younger age-groups in the Netherlands. Although there are many well-integrated immigrant children, there are also many signs that the integration of immigrant youth in the Netherlands is not going well, in particular when compared to their native peers, and this is of concern to politicians, social scientists and society at large. At the same time, the integration of immigrant children is not a one-sided story. It is also about the actual and perceived social-cultural distance between immigrant and native children, and thus also about the norms, values, attitudes and behaviour of the native population. There is deep concern about an ethnically fragmented and even polarized Dutch society.
To study the integration of immigrant children and the social-cultural and economic differences with their native peers, a panel study is proposed. The panel survey covers three central themes: (A) progress in school and in the labour market, (B) the development of norms, values, lifestyle and attitudes, (C) changes in social networks and social participation. The survey will provide a major impetus for social science research on describing and explaining the life-courses of immigrant and native children in the Netherlands. The survey will be a continuation of a 3-wave panel study, which followed immigrant and native children at age 14, 15 and 16. The proposed panel will start in 2013 and provide the unique opportunity to follow the same children for three more years, interviewing them at age 17, 18 and 19. These are crucial ages, in which they will experience important developments, events and transitions: at school, in the transition to the labour market, but also with respect to their religion, identity, anti-social behaviour, prejudice, health, interethnic contacts, transnational ties, dating, the relationship with their parents and social participation.
The innovative features of the proposed survey are: (1) It is a longitudinal survey, following respondents at age 17, 18 and 19. As a follow-up survey, the entire panel covers six waves. (2) It is large scale survey, consisting of 5,000 respondents, with an oversampling of immigrant youth. (3) It is nationally representative. (4) It is multi-dimensional, which allows researchers to examine links across domains. (5) The survey contains multiple immigrant groups: both ?western? and ?non-western?. (5) It is a two-sided survey: the panel contains both immigrant and native children. (5) The survey contains information on important social contexts: schools, parents, immigrant community, and geographic location. (6) It is a public use data set. The data will be made available directly after each wave, via the Dutch national data archive (DANS), for the entire research community in the Netherlands and abroad, and without restrictions.



  • S. Smith(2015): Ethnic Segregation in Friendship Networks: Studies of its Determinants in English, German, Dutch, and Swedish School Classes , Ridderkerk  June 19, 2015
  • P.I. Zantvliet(2015): Partner choice among children of immigrants , Enschede  September 25, 2015

Scientific article

  • S. Smith, F. van Tubergen, I. Maas(2014): Ethnic ingroup friendships in schools: Testing the by-product hypothesis in England, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden  Social Networks pp. 33 - 45
  • F. van Tubergen, S. de Hoon(2014):  The religiosity of children of immigrants and natives in England, Germany, and the Netherlands: The role of parents and peers in class  European Sociological Review pp. 194 - 206
  • I. Maas, F. van Tubergen, S. Smith(2014): Parental influence on friendships between native and immigrant adolescents Journal of Research on Adolescence pp. 1 - 12
  • F. van Tubergen, P. Schimmer(2014): Transnationalism and Ethnic Identification among Adolescent Children of Immigrants in the Netherlands, Germany, England, and Sweden International Migration Review pp. 680 - 709
  • E. Verbakel, P.I. van Zantvliet, M. Kalmijn(2014): Early partner choices of immigrants: The effect of preferences, opportunities and parents on dating a native.  Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies pp. 1 - 23
  • T. Mentjox, F. van Tubergen(2014): Minority Language Proficiency of Adolescent Immigrant Children in England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie pp. 241 - 262
  • B. Hofstra, F. van Tubergen, R. Corten(2015): Who was first on Facebook? Determinants of early adoption among adolescents New Media & Society pp. 1 - 19
  • F. van Tubergen, S. Geven, M. Kalmijn(2016): The ethnic composition of schools and students’ problem behaviour in four European countries: the role of friends  Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies pp. 1 - 23
  • H. Kruse, I. Maas, F. van Tubergen, S. Smith(2016): From neighbors to school friends? How adolescents’ place of residence relates to same-ethnic school friendships Social Networks pp. 130 - 142
  • I. Maas, S. Smith, D. McFarland, F. van Tubergen(2016): Smith, Sanne, McFarland, Daniel, van Tubergen, Frank, and Ineke Maas (2016): Ethnic Composition and Friendship Segregation: Differential Effects for Adolescent Natives and Immigrants. , 121 (4), pp. 1223-1272 American Journal of Sociology pp. 1223 - 1272

Professional publication

  • P.I. van Zantvliet(2015): Partner choice among children of immigrants


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. F.A. van Tubergen

Affiliated with

Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Departement Maatschappijwetenschappen


01/09/2012 to 09/08/2016