Transnational infrastructures and the Rise of Contemporary Europe


The construction of the European Union represents the most profound development in European politics and society. While there are several histories of Europe, they do not incorporate the pivotal role of transnational infrastructures, while their construction and use have been constitutive for where the flow of people, information, energy, goods and services could go and not go. Major new infrastructures were developed already deep in the nineteenth century, such as railroads and telegraph, shaping Europe long before there was an explicit process of creating Europe. In this proposal they are considered sites from which major interventions in the construction of Europe occured. This perspective is original and opens up a entirely new set of questions about one of the most pressing issues facing historians, policy-makers, governments, and citizens alike. Transnational infrastructure development as such is neglected in the literature, which is pervaded by a bias towards single nation-states, and single infrastructures.
The research consists of seven projects: four Ph.D projects looking at nine case-studies, including a number of initiatives by international railroad and road associations and conferences, the development of a Trans-Europe-Express and an European highway system, the battle over radiofrequencies and the construction of networks for war and propanda by the Soviet Union, Nazi-Germany and the United States, and a number of regional and European electricity networks. In addition three coss-cutting post-docs projects and a synthetic project are proposed. The two-cross-cutting post-docs project will focus on mapping the totality of transnational infrastructure and its developments over the last 150 years, an analysis of users and usages of these infrastructures and a cultural analysis of how the European identity of transnational infrastructures is made tangible and comprehensible for a larger public. The synthesis will provide an overall account of the developments, resulting in an edited volume for a academic audience, a report for a policy audience, and finally a book for a larger audience.


Book or monography

  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten, A. Kaijser(2006): Networking Europe. Transnational infrastructures and the shaping of europe, 1850-2000 pp. 335 , Sagamore Beach, MA
  • A.W. Badenoch(2008): Voices in Ruins: West German radio across the 1945 divide pp. 312
  • A.W. Badenoch, A. Fickers(2010): Materializing Europe pp. 333 , London


  • V.C. Lagendijk(2008): Electrifying Europe: the power of Europe in the construction of electricity networks  September 30, 2008
  • F. Schipper(2008): Driving Europe : building Europe on roads in the twentieth century  September 30, 2008
  • I Anastasiadou(2009): In Search of a Railway Europe. , Eindhoven  January 12, 2009

Chapter in book

  • J.W. Schot(2004): Geordend Landschap. 3000 jaar ruimtelijke ordening in Nederland pp. 141 - 158 , Hilversum
  • A.W. Badenoch(2005): Field Studies: German Language. Media and Culture
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2005): Made in Holland. Een techniekgeschiedenis van Nederland 1800-2000
  • A. Tympas, I. Anastasiadou, A. Kaijser, E.b.A. van der Vleuten(2006): Networking Europe. Transnational infrastructures and the shaping of Europe, 1850-2000 pp. 25 - 49 , Sagamore Beach, MA
  • A. Kaijser, A. Kaijser, E.B.A. van der Vleuten, E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2006): Networking Europe. Transnational infrastructures and the shaping of Europe, 1850-2000 pp. 1 - 22 , Sagamore Beach, MA
  • A. Kaijser, E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2006): Networking Europe. Transnational infrastructures and the shaping of Europe, 1850-2000 pp. 279 - 314 , Sagamore Beach, MA
  • V Lagendijk, A Iriye, E van der Vleuten, P-Y Saunier(2009): The Palgrave Dictionary on Transnational History pp. 315 - 319
  • C Disco, J.W. Schot(2009): The Palgrave Dictionary on Transnational History pp. 149 - 151
  • P-Y Saunier, A Iriye, A Anastasiadou, C Dival(2009): The Palgrave Dictionary on Transnational History. pp. 873 - 875

Scientific article

  • J.W. Schot: Infrastructures and societal change. A view from the Large Technical Systems field Technology Analysis & Strategic Management pp. 359 - 414
  • J.W. Schot: Water Wizards: Reshaping wet nature and society History and Technology pp. 291 - 309
  • J.W. Schot(2005): Misa, Th. J. and Schot, J.W. (2005). Inventing Europe: Technology and the Hidden Integration of Europe. History and Technology, volume 21, number 1, 1-20. History and Technology
  • J.W. Schot(2005): Schot, J.W., Oldenziel R., Misa, Th. J. et al. 2005. Special issue ?Tensions of Europe: The Role of Technology in the Making of Europe?, History and Technology, volume 21, number 1. History and Technology
  • A.W. Badenoch(2005): Badenoch, A.W. (2005). Making Sunday what it actually should be: Sunday radio programming and the re-invention of tradition in occupied Germany 1945-1949. Historical Journal of Fil, Radio and Television, 25: 4, October, 577-598. Historical Journal of Fil, Radio and Television, 25: 4, October, 577-598.
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2005): Vleuten, E.B.A. van der (2005). Networking Europe. History and Technology, volume 21, number 1, 21-48. History and Technology
  • A.W. Badenoch(2006): The Nazi past in early East German radio: scarce resource or inflated currency? Review of Christoph Classen, Faschismus und Antifaschismus. Die nationalsozialistische Vergangenheit im ostdeutschen Hörfunk (1945-1953) H-Net Reviews
  • A.W. Badenoch(2006): "Feasibility study" zum 27. Oktober als "UNESCO World Day for Audiovisual Heritage" Rundfunk und geschichte
  • A.W. Badenoch(2006): Radio's Rebirth Rediscovered. Review of Stefan Kursawe. Vom Leitmedium zum Begleitmedium: Die Radioprogramme des Hessischen Rundfunks 1960-1980 H-German, H-Net Reviews
  • A.W. Badenoch(2006): Review of Karin Falkenberg, Radiohören. Zu einer Bewusstseinsgeschichte 1933 bis 1950 Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television pp. 145 - 147
  • F. Schipper(2007): Changing the face of Europe: European road mobility during the Marshall Planyears Journal of Transport History pp. 211 - 228
  • E Anastasiadou(2007): Networks of powers: railway visions in inter-war Europe Journal of Transport History pp. 172 - 191
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2007): Feeding the peoples of Europe TIE working document series no. 20 (Eindhoven, 2007) , 32 p.
  • J.W. Schot(2007): Introduction: Building Europe on Transnational Infrastructures The Journal of Transport History pp. 167 - 171 ISSN: 0022-5266.
  • V.C. Lagendijk, A.W. Badenoch(2007): Myths of Kaprun : material visions of Austria and Europe In Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), 18-21 October 2007, Washington DC, USA
  • A. Fickers, S.B. Lommers(2007): Eventing Europe : broadcasting and the mediated performances of Europe In Proceedings of the Third Plenary Conference of the Tensions of Europe Network, Rotterdam 7-10 June 2007, The Netherlands
  • V.C. Lagendijk(2007): A network of power? : the European electrical industry and the grid for the United States of Europe, 1929-1937 In Proceedings of the European Business History Association, September 2007, Geneva, Switzerland
  • F. Schipper(2007): Was the road to Europe paved with good intentions? : building highways in the Balkans In Proceedings of the American Historical Association Conference, Atlanta (USA), 4-7 January 2007. Also No. 18 TIE Working Documents Series, Eindhoven.
  • E Anastasiadou(2007): Designing an Automatic Coupler for Europe In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for the History of Technology, October 2007, Lisbon
  • F. Schipper(2007): Mobility, Marshall & Movies In Proceedings of the Transport, Traffic and Mobility Conference, Helmond (NL), 1 October 2007
  • A Badenoch(2007): 'Time consuming: women?s radio and the reconstruction of national narratives in western Germany 1945-1948' German History pp. 46 - 71
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2007): Institutional uses of infrastructures: A research strategy for studying European food chains TIE working document series, no. 19 (Eindhoven, 2007),, 22 p.
  • E. Anastasiadou, F. Schipper, V.C. Lagendijk(2007): Universalism or Regionalism? The Work of the Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit of the League of Nations In Proceedings of Tensions of Europe Conference, Rotterdam (NL), June 2007
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten, V.C. Lagendijk, F. Schipper, E Anastasiadou(2007): Europe's system builders: the contested shaping of transnational road, electricity and rail networks Contemporary European History pp. 321 - 347
  • F. Schipper(2007): All roads lead to Europe : the E-road network 1950-1975 In Proceedings of the Transport, Traffic and Mobility Conference, Paris, 28 September - 1 October 2006. Also No. 16. TIE Working Documents Series, Eindhoven.
  • J.W. Schot(2008): Globalisering en infrastructuur Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis pp. 107 - 128
  • V.C. Lagendijk(2008): L'histoire de l'idée d'un système européen de l'électricité: projet, progrès, persistance Annales historiques de l'électricité pp. 57 - 79
  • F. Schipper(2008): Historical perspectives on the international dimensions of infrastructure governance In Proceedings of the workshop ?Historical transitions in the governance of infrastructures? at the 11th Annual Conference on the Economics of Infrastructures, Delft, 22-23 May 2008
  • F. Schipper, E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2008): Trans-European network development and governance in historical perspective Network Industries Quarterly pp. 5 - 7
  • L. Laborie, S.B. Lommers(2008): Les concerts européens à la radio dans l?entre-deux-guerres : Mise en ondes d?une métaphore diplomatique? Les Temps des Médias, Dossier : Espaces européens et transferts culturels
  • H. Buiter, V.C. Lagendijk(2008): Investigating 19th and 20th infrastructural interdependencies. The construction of a database on the history of European infrastructure In Proceedings of the Annual conference of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), Lisbon
  • V.C. Lagendijk, J.W. Schot(2008): 'Technocratic Internationalism in the Interwar Years: Building Europe on Motorways and Electricity Networks Journal of Modern European History pp. 196 - 217
  • J.W. Schot(2008): Introductie: Globalisering en geschiedenis Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis pp. 3 - 14
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2008): Toward a transnational history of technology : meanings, promises, pitfalls Technology and Culture pp. 974 - 994
  • F. Schipper(2008): Global Signs: Urban Traffic Signs and the League of Nations In Proceedings of Global history ENIUGH Conference, Dresden (D), 3-5 July 2008
  • E Anastasiadou(2008): The Co- Construction of the National and the International in the Case of the Greek railways In Proceedings of the International Workshop, Dutch mobility in a European context, November 2008, Utrecht
  • P. Hogselius, A. Kaijser, I. Tchalakov, K-E Michelsen, V.C. Lagendijk, A. Tympas, E.B.A. van der Vleuten, L Heide, L. Thue, A. Hommels(2008): Europe goes Critical: The Emergence and Governance of Critical Transnational European Infrastructures TENSIONS OF EUROPE/INVENTING EUROPE WORKING PAPER NR. 2008-2, 13 p.
  • H. Buiter, J.W. Schot, I. Anastasiadou(2011): The dynamics of transnational railway governance in Europe during the long nineteenth century History and Technology pp. 265 - 289
  • F. Schipper, J.W. Schot(2011): Experts and European Transport Integration 1945-1958 Journal of European Public Policy pp. 274 - 293
  • F. Schipper, J.W. Schot(2011): Infrastructural Europeanism, or the project of building Europe on infrastructures: an introduction History and Technology pp. 245 - 264

Professional publication

  • J.W. Schot: Linking-up Europe? Patterns and ambiguities in 20th century trans-border infrastructure building
  • V.C. Lagendijk: Lagendijk, V.C. (2005).High voltages, low tensions? The interconnections of Eastern and Western european electricity grids during the Cold Ward, 1947-1965.
  • F. Schipper: Schipper, F. (2005). You too can be like us: Americanising European (road) transport after WWII. Paper presented at the T2M Conference, York (GB), October 6-9 2005. TIE working document no. 10 (, 17 pag.
  • J.W. Schot: Transnational Infrastructures and the Rise of Contemporary Europe
  • J.W. Schot: Networking Europe review essay
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten: Vleuten, E.B.A. van der (2005). Europe's system builders. Paper for SHOT 2005 annual meeting, november 3-6, 2005, Minneapolis, USA. TIE working document no. 14 (, 8 pag.
  • J.W. Schot: Schot, J.W. & Vleuten, E.B.A. van der (2005). Infrastructures, Globalisation, and European Integration. A historiographical and Conceptual Exploration.
  • F. Schipper: Schipper, F. (2005). The drive for peace? Road planning and the european project during the Interbellum. Paper presented at the SHOT 2005 annual meeting, november 3-6, 2005, Minneapolis, USA. TIE working document no. 12 (, 16 pag.
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten: The societal 'implications' of network technologies
  • J.W. Schot: Networking Europe: Conceptual dimensions of European road building history
  • A.W. Badenoch: Badenoch, A.W. (2005). Touring between war and peace: symboilizing the transcontinental motorway 1930-1950. Paper presented at the SHOT 2005 annual meeting, november 3-6, 2005, Minneapolis, USA. TIE working document no. 13 (, 24 pag.
  • J.W. Schot: Historiographical perspectives on network technologies and societies: The research field of large technical systems
  • J.W. Schot: Schot. J.W., Verbong, G.P.J. & Geels, F.W. (2005). A long-term historical analysis of path dependencies and changes in the Dutch electricity system: Hindrances and possibilities for future energy transitions.
  • I. Anastasiadou: Anastasiadou, I. (2005). International railway organisation in 19th and 20th century Europe. Paper presented at the T2M Conference, York (GB), October 6-9 2005. TIE working document no. 9 (, 17 pag.
  • S.B. Lommers, A.W. Badenoch(2006): EBU archives: the other 'public service' European broadcasting union
  • J.W. Schot(2007): Technology and the making of twentieth century Europe
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2007): Book review: Auke van der Woud, Een nieuwe wereld. Het ontstaan van het moderne Nederland (Bert Bakker 2006)
  • J.W. Schot(2007): The hidden integration of Europe
  • J.W. Schot(2008): De wondere wereld van de techniek
  • E.B.A. van der Vleuten(2008): Book review : Thomas P. Hughes, Human-built world : how to think about technology and culture
  • F. Schipper(2008): De infrastructuur doet de grens vervagen
  • S.B. Lommers(2012): Europe on Air


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. J.W. Schot

Affiliated with

University of Sussex, Science and Technology Policy Research - SPRU, Mantell Building

Team members

Dr. E. Anastasiadou, Dr. A.W. Badenoch, S. Ciobica MA, Dr. V.C. Lagendijk, Dr. S.B. Lommers, Dr. F. Schipper, Prof. dr. J.W. Schot, Dr. ir. E.B.A. van der Vleuten


01/01/2003 to 05/01/2010