Energy based analysis and control of the grid: dealing with uncertainty and markets in an urban environment


The ENBARK+ proposal develops a combination of zonal and nodal pricing methods combined with energy- and power-based modeling techniques for metropolitan distribution systems that have to handle an increasing amount of renewables and the embedding of electrical vehicles. A particular focus will be given to the characteristics of the Amsterdam area with many different potential pricing zones. The area includes Schiphol airport, office buildings areas, residential areas (new and old), and so on, whereas there is also a new network of charging stations for electric vehicles. The infrastructure is relatively old, and embedding of new elements such as charging stations and solar panels will put pressure on the grid. Thus, it is necessary to coordinate the charging and possibly the storage of surplus of electricity in e.g. batteries of the electric vehicles. The ENBARK+ proposal aims to use and develop physical modeling methods building further on the developments of the ENBARK project, but now specifically for an Amsterdam like distribution system. In addition, a combination of nodal and zonal pricing will be added to those models. In part B we propose to integrate our findings with the SMARTEST project, in order to include social relevance in our developments.


Project number


Main applicant

Prof. dr. C. de Persis

Affiliated with

Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Faculty of Science and Engineering (FSE), ENgineering and TEchnology institute Groningen (ENTEG)

Team members

K.C Kosaraju, S. Trip