Re-incorporating the excluded: providing space for small-scale fishers in the sustainable development of fisheries of South Africa and South Asia


The objective of the project is to contribute to, review and assess the development of fisheries governance frameworks and institutional arrangements in South Africa and South Asia for the resolution of core fishery conflicts. A key focus will be on facilitating processes to reincorporate the excluded. Through research and capacity development, the project will promote responsible fisheries governance that takes into consideration the principles of environmental sustainability, social justice and human wellbeing. The fishery conflicts under consideration have a bearing on the process of national reconciliation as it is taking place in both countries, and their resolution is critical to facilitate socio-economic development and poverty reduction. In South Africa the project focuses on monitoring and assessing progress with regard to the development and implementation of a new fisheries policy that takes better account of small scale fisher rights and needs. In South Asia the project facilitates the development and implementation of a new framework for the regulation of fisheries in a marine border area between India and Sri Lanka. Mutual learning through collaborative research and capacity development are essential elements of the project. To support this policy process, the project identifies key knowledge gaps. It contributes data and analysis on the nature of the conflict in both regions, on social-economic change in the small-scale fisheries sector, and on the impacts of fisheries governance and conflict on fisher wellbeing.


Book or monography

  • M Bavinck, L Pellegrini, E Mostert(2014): Conflicts over natural resources in the Global South pp. 224

Chapter in book

  • J Scholtens, M Bavinck(2013): Governability of Fisheries and Aquaculture: Theory and Applications pp. 177 - 199
  • J Scholtens(2015): Interactive governance for small-scale fisheries pp. 515 - 536

Scientific article

Professional publication

  • V Suryanarayan(2011): Colombo Hardens Stance on Fisheries Issue
  • V Vivekanandan(2011): The Plight of Fishermen of Sri Lanka and India1 The legacy of Sri Lanka?s civil war
  • P Mbatha(2012): Well-Being and Fishery Governance
  • J Scholtens, M Bavinck, A.S. Soosai(2012): FISHING IN DIRE STRAITS A Sri Lankan perspective on trans-boundary incursions of Indian trawlers in the Palk Bay
  • O Amarasinghe(2013): Multi-day boat study

Publication meant for a broad audience

  • O Schultz(2011): Mere Window Dressing South Africa?s draft small-scale fi shing policy seems situated outside current realities of fi sheries governance and management in fi shing communities
  • J Rohe(2012): Shifting policy, shifting industry - Fisherwomen in a sea of change A gender approach to social wellbeing in a South African small-scale fishing community
  • K Parker(2013): Livelihoods of Small-scale Fishers of Struisbaai: Implications for Marine Protected Area Planning
  • O Amarasinghe(2015): Fisher war in the Palk Strait
  • S Raemaekers, T Nthane, N Waldeck(2015): New policy can bring unity to Lamberts Bay fishers.

Publications for the general public

  • A.S. Soosai(2011): ossible Areas of Collaboration and Mechanism for Education and Awareness Building Including Networking for Sustainable Utilization of Gulf of Mannar
  • O Amarasinghe(2011): Building Governance to resolve fisheries conflicts in the Palk Bay Area
  • K Hudel(2011): Governance, Livelihoods, and Post-Conflict Development The role of fishery cooperatives in Mannar District, Sri Lanka
  • SC Jara(2011): Improving the profitability of fishing? The impact of collective action in the mechanized fishery of the Palk Bay, India
  • M Westhäuser(2012): Like a fish in the sea? Non-traditional trawl fishermen's wellbeing in the Palk Bay, South India.
  • S Coulthard(2012): Using wellbeing to assess social impacts of change in the fisheries sector.
  • A Brown(2012): A Critical Assessment of Women?s Livelihoods in Post-Conflict Sri Lanka
  • P Van der Krogt(2012): On the Road Again: exploring the migration of commercial ski-boat line-fishers in South Africa’s Western Cape
  • JP Crowe(2012): Profile of the Recreational Fishing Sector on the Agulhas Peninsular: Implications for a Marine Spatial Plan
  • L McDaid(2013): Investigation into the nature of fisher community representation in the development of the small-scale fisheries policy in South Africa, identifying challenges and lessons learnt, and their implications for the perceived legitimacy of the policy
  • M Sowman, S Raemaekers, J Sunde(2013): Shifting gear: A new governance framework for small-scale fisheries in South Africa
  • C Van der Does de Willebois(2014): Trawling in Troubled Waters: A case study about community, governance and the livelihoods of Jaffna’s trawl fishermen
  • C Wentink(2014): An analysis of enabling and constraining governance structures to the improvement of small-scale fishers livelihoods through value chains: a perspective on the Western Cape, South Africa
  • J Sunde(2015): Reincorporating the excluded: Recognising and integrating customary fishing rights and practices in small-scale fisheries governance and management in South Africa.
  • TT Nthane(2015): Understanding the livelihoods of small-scale fishers in Lamberts Bay: Implications for the new Small-scale Fisheries Policy
  • C Wilkinson(2015): Sustainability at Stake? Investigating the Impacts of the EU Fisheries Ban on Sri Lankan Deep Sea Fishing


Project number

W 07.68.302.00

Main applicant

Dr. J.M. Bavinck

Affiliated with

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, Room B4.05

Team members

Dr. O. Amarasinghe, NWO Anbazzaghan, Mr. U. Arulanandam, Dr. J.M. Bavinck, S. Coulthard, J. Dasan, Drs. F. van Drumpt, J.B. van Drumpt, Mr. M. Gqamlana, K. Herman, Dr. N. Jaffer, A. Jesuthasan, D. Koralagama, T.P. Kumara, R. Manimohan, P. Mbatha MSc, A. Menon, J. Nielen, Dr. S. Raemakers, J. Scholtens MSc, O. Schultz, A.S. Sosai, Prof. M. Sowman, Dr. J.R. Stephen, S. Sukumaran, J. Sunde, V. Vivekandandan MBA, S. Williams


01/12/2010 to 01/04/2016