Conflict and cooperation over REDD+ in Mexico, Nepal and Vietnam (CoCooR)


CoCooR focuses on Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and related forest-based climate change mitigation policies and financing mechanisms with direct effects on sustainable development and poverty reduction.

REDD+ may aggravate the protracted conflicts characterizing forestry in the Global South or cause new ones in the absence of a conflict-sensitive approach. Yet, the changes in cross-scale governance brought about by REDD+ may also provide unprecedented opportunities for transforming existing conflicts and promoting cooperation.

CoCooR seeks to strengthen the evidence on the impacts of REDD+ on conflict and cooperation in developing countries through research in Mexico, Nepal and Vietnam, three countries at advanced stages of REDD+ offering excellent opportunities for generating insights relevant to other countries. Application of an environmental justice lens is expected to generate novel understanding of cross-scale conflict and cooperation over forests.
This knowledge innovation allows CoCooR to develop a conflict prediction checklist for REDD+ practitioners, produce recommendations on conflict-sensitive national safeguards processes for decision makers and provide relevant training to local communities, grassroots organizations, NGOs, government and project developers.

By involving national institutions and ambitious postdoctoral staff as equal partners, CoCooR makes unique contributions to capacity development with regards to the ability to investigate, provide advice and implement tools for conflict-sensitive REDD+ policy and practice.

CoCooR brings together world leaders on REDD+ research and practice with national research institutions of excellence on the basis of existing collaborations. The partners draw on recent environmental justice research to examine how the production of injustices and politics of justice associated with the development of REDD+ affect conflict and cooperation over forests. They survey REDD+ conflicts in Mexico, Nepal, Vietnam and worldwide, investigate local-level dynamics in six REDD+ demonstration sites, analyze national safeguards processes, and examine the empirical results from comparative and theoretical perspectives. The research employs transdisciplinary methodology drawing on ethnography, discourse analysis and participatory research in a broadly inductive approach.

CoCooR uses the new knowledge on conflict and cooperation over forests and innovative theoretical understanding of cross-scale dynamics of conflict and cooperation to engage with various kinds of REDD+ policy makers and other stakeholders in the three countries, South/Southeast Asia and worldwide. CoCooR also develops close linkages to other CoCooN projects and deepens the partners' integration in global networks of excellence in research and practice on conflicts, climate change, environmental justice and forests.


Professional publication

  • T. Sikor, P. Satyal, H. Almanza Alcalde, H. Dhungana, D Gritten, C. Hoang(2014): Second Norwich Declaration on Environmental Justice from safeguarding to mainstreaming local rights: Democratic forest governance as pre-requisite for a just and effective REDD+


Project number

W 07.68.415

Main applicant

Prof. T. Sikor

Affiliated with

University of East Anglia

Team members

Dr. H. Almanza Alcalde, G. Bennett, Mr. T. de Bruyn, Dr. H. Cam, Dr. E. Corbera, Dr. H. Dhungana, A. Grais, Dr. D. Gritten, P.P. Hao MA, G. Maskey, H.P. Phan, Prof. T. Sikor, R. Triraganon


01/02/2014 to 31/01/2018