Law and Order: Low Countries? The relations between provincial and urban institutions in state-building in the Low Countries 1579-1701.


I aim to investigate how provincial and urban institutions in the Low Countries established order with regulations between 1579 and 1701, to provide safety for their inhabitants. By studying this turbulent period in history, this project will offer a source-based understanding to the early phases of modern state-building. With that, it will contribute to the topical debate and our fundamental understanding of what makes some states successful.
Studying the early development of the formation of governmental institutions teaches us the legislative-normative process, the original allocation of responsibilities and the foundations of successful states. Where the current scope of research has focused exclusively on direct monarchical rule or small-scale city-governments, this project will concentrate on the multi-level governments in the Low Countries. With a two-fold comparative approach, I will focus on the provinces of Holland and Flanders and their respective cities of Dordrecht and Ghent. I will show that provincial governments played a major role in creating order even without tight princely rule. However, the resulting interaction led not just to cooperation, but also to critique and retaliatory activities due to limitations in decision-making. To understand state-building, the relation between provinces and cities during the early-modern period needs to be studied.


Scientific article

  • C.A. Romein(2019): Blood Sports and Festivities in Normative Provincial Publications Nieuwe Tijdingen. Feestelijke cultuur in de vroegmoderne Nederlanden pp. 121 - 136 ISSN: 2593-0346.

Professional publication

  • C.A. Romein(2019): Transkribus Public Model: French_18thC_print
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Transkribus Public Model: Dutch_Romantype_Print
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Transkribus Public Model: Dutch_Gothic_Print

Publication meant for a broad audience

Publications for the general public

  • C.A. Romein(2017): Presentation: Festivities in Legislative Provincial Publications.
  • C.A. Romein(2017): Bookreview: Arthur der Weduwen, Dutch and Flemish Newspapers of the Seventeenth Century, 1618-1700
  • C.A. Romein(2017): Presentation. Law and Order: Low Countries?
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Presentatie IEMH research-seminar: 'A Game of Thrones?'
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Organisator en commentator lezing: Ida Nijenhuis: The Resolutions of the States General 1576-1630
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Voorzitter sessie: Low Countries connections: representation and interaction.
  • C.A Romein, N. Simon(2018): Congresorganisatie: 'Law and Order' in the Low Countries.
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Lezing: Establishing and implementing security-regulations and 'Bona Politia' in Flanders (1579-1701).
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Lezing IEMH: Policey in de Nederlanden.
  • L. Seaward, N. Lamal, C.A. Romein(2018): Organisatie 2 workshops: Transkribus voor beginners.
  • C.A. Romein(2018): Presentatie: 'A Game of Thrones? NL vs CH.'
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Lecture: Shared legal history and identity: divided and detached? How do ordinances in Holland and Flanders differ from each other (1579-1701)?
  • C.A. Romein, S. Rusinek(2019): Workshop DATECH: How to use Transkribus
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Guest lecture: Transkribus: Computerised Text-transcriptions (With A Little Human Help)
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Making ‘more’ sense out of books of ordinances!
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Presentation: Transkribus-LA ervaringen met drukwerk
  • M. de Gruijter, S.F. Veldhoen, C.A. Romein(2019): Presentation: The enhancement of the search-ability of OCRed Texts. HTR+, Segmentation and meta-dating Early Modern Ordinances
  • C.A. Romein(2019): ECR-editor History (British Historical Association)
  • C.A Romein(2019): Guest lecture: Automatic Transcription of Handwritten text
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Presentation: Separated and disconnected? Did Ordinances in Holland And Flanders differ much from each other (1579-1701)?
  • C.A. Romein(2019): Presentation: Transkribus in Flanders/ Belgium.
  • S.F. Veldhoen, M. de Gruijter, C.A. Romein(2019): Poster DH2019: Entangled Histories of Early Modern Ordinances Text-Segmentation and Machine-Learned Metadating
  • C.A. Romein(2020): 'REVIEW: New perspectives on power and political representation from ancient history to the present day: repertoires of representation', in Parliaments, Estates and Representation.
  • C.A. Romein(2020): Presentatie: Vroegmoderne provinciale regelgeving 2.0!
  • C.A. Romein(2020): Presentation: Want to become a trainer for Transkribus?
  • S.F. Veldhoen, M. de Gruijter, C.A. Romein(2020): Dataset: Entangled Histories.
  • C.A. Romein(2020): Lecture: Politieordonnanties 2.0 en Digital Legal History
  • C.A. Romein(2020): Kopiëren, plakken en implementeren!? Een eerste vergelijking tussen de provinciale wetgeving van Holland en Vlaanderen (1576-1702)


Project number


Main applicant

Dr. C.A. Romein MA

Affiliated with

Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication ESHCC

Team members

Dr. C.A. Romein MA


01/09/2017 to 19/06/2020