Carolus Clusius and sixteenth-century botany in the context of the new cultural history of science

Summary

Focusing on the most important European botanist of the sixteenth century, Carolus Clusius (1526-1609), his work and network, this research project investigates how European botany became a field of specialist, scientific expertise during the period 1550-1610. This process took place both inside and outside the universities, while botany continued to have strong roots in practical expertise. The new cultural history of science forms the theoretical framework of the project and has inspired the choice of three closely related principal themes and questions: 1) how sixteenth-century courts, aristocratic households, towns and universities functioned as ateliers of knowledge and contributed to the development of types of botanical expertise, research methods and forms of presentation; 2) which types of exchange (of information and gifts) shaped the growing European community of botanical experts; and 3) what Clusius? contribution was to the innovation of botanical research practices. By investigating these topics, the project intends to explore the relatively underdeveloped field of practical knowledge and its contribution to science; throw more light on networks, exchanges and research practices that were part of the European republic of letters and precursors to the scientific revolution; and contribute to the discussions about the formation of scientific fields of expertise.

Output

Book or monography

  • R.P.W. Visser, P.G. Hoftijzer, F.M. Egmond(2007): Carolus Clusius , Amsterdam
  • F. Bethencourt, F.M. Egmond(2007): Correspondence and Cultural Exchange in Early Modern Europe 1400-1700 pp. 350 , Cambridge
  • P.G. Hoftijzer, R.P.W. Visser, F.M. Egmond(2008): Carolus Clusius , Amsterdam
  • F. Egmond(2010): The World of Carolus Clusius. pp. 292 , London

Chapter in book

  • K. Enenkel, F.M. Egmond, P.J. Smith(2007): Early Modern Zoology pp. 245 - 272 , Leiden/Boston
  • F.M. Egmond, P.G. Hoftijzer, R.W.P. Visser, F.M. Egmond(2007): Carolus Clusius pp. 9 - 49 , Amsterdam
  • A. Vrolijk, K. van Ommen, S.M.W. van Zanen, E. Gelder, G. Warnar(2007): Aangeraakt pp. 90 - 98 , Leiden
  • A. Molho, D. Ramada Curto, F.M. Egmond, N. Koniordos(2007): Finding Europe pp. 159 - 183 , New York
  • F. Bethencourt, F.M. Egmond, F.M. Egmond(2007): Correspondence and Cultural Exchange in Early Modern Europe 1400-1700 pp. 104 - 142 , Cambridge
  • J. Belinfante, E. van Gelder, E. Stoop, T. Monquil-Broersen(2007): Universitaire collecties in Nederland pp. 23 - 23 , Zwolle
  • M.F. Egmond, J. de Koning, A. Zemanek, G. van Uffelen, B. Zemanek(2008): Drawn after Nature. The complete botanical watercolours of the 16th-century Libri Picturati pp. 13 - 21 , Zeist
  • M.F. Egmond, G. van Uffelen(2008): Drawn after Nature. The complete botanical watercolours of the 16th-century Libri Picturati pp. 51 - 52 , Zeist
  • M.F. Egmond, J. de Koning, A. Zemanek, G. van Uffelen, L. Ramon-Laca Menendez de Luarca, B. Zemanek(2008): Drawn after Nature. The complete botanical watercolours of the 16th-century Libri Picturati pp. 45 - 48 , Zeist
  • M.F. Egmond(2009): K. Sloan (ed.), European Visions: American Voices pp. 42 - 43 , Londen
  • S. van Zanen(2009): Boekenwijsheid pp. 34 - 42 , Zutphen
  • S. van Zanen(2009): Janboel pp. 33 - 40 , Den Haag
  • M.F. Egmond(2009): Kasper van Ommen (ed.), The Exotic World of Carolus Clusius 1526-1609. Catalogue of an exhibition on the quatercentenary of Clusius' death, 4 April 1609 pp. 7 - 12 , Leiden

Scientific article

  • M.F. Egmond(2005): Clusius, Cluyt, Saint Omer Nuncius. Annali di storia dell scienza pp. 11 - 67
  • F.M. Egmond(2007): The Clusius Project Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte pp. 66 - 68
  • E. van Gelder(2008): Recensie van A. Goldgar, Tulipmania. Money, honor, and knowledge in the Dutch Golden Age (Chicago/London, 2007)) Leidschrift pp. 138 - 140
  • M.F. Egmond(2008): Apothecaries as experts and brokers in the sixteenth-century network of the naturalist Carolus Clusius History of Universities [special issue on ?The circulation of news and knowledge in intersecting networks?, guest editors Sven Dupré & Sachiko Kusukawa] pp. 59 - 91
  • P.G. Hoftijzer(2009): Een hortulanus en zijn boeken. Jaarboekje voor de geschiedenis van Leiden en omstreken pp. 71 - 90
  • E. van Gelder(2010): Tulpen, tuinen en adellijke verzamelaars: Carolus Clusius in Wenen (1573-1588) Nieuwsbrief Neolatinistenverband pp. 13 - 24
  • E. van Gelder(2011): De eerste professionele botanicus, Carolus Clusius (1526-1609) Geschiedenis Magazine pp. 39 - 42 ISSN: 0038-7487.

Professional publication

  • M.F. Egmond(2008): Biografie van prinses Marie de Brimeu

Publication meant for a broad audience

  • S. van Zanen(2009): The exotic world of Carolus Clusius (1526-1609)
  • E. van Gelder(2009): The exotic world of Carolus Clusius (1526-1609)

Details

Project number

360-51-050

Main applicant

Prof. dr. P.G. Hoftijzer

Affiliated with

Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Faculteit der Geesterswetenschappen

Team members

Dr. M.F. Egmond, Dr. E. van Gelder, Drs. S.M.W. van Zanen

Duration

01/09/2005 to 08/11/2011