Assessing the Learning Effects of Games on Attitude of Stakeholders towards

Serious games for sustainable shrimp farming in Viet Nam

Role playing games play an increasing role in changing the mind set of stakeholders. In this project the effect of these games on the attitude, opinion and practices of shrimp farmers and policymakers in the Mekong Delta will be investigated.

Image: via Flickr (by: Pedro Alonso)

More knowledge items of this project on the Food & Business Knowledge Platform website.

Consortium

Project leader: Arnold Koenraad Bregt (Wageningen University, Geo-Information Science)

Consortium partners: Thi Phung Ha Tran (Can Tho University (CTU)), Jake Brunner (International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)), Roel Bosma (Wageningen UR, Aquaculture and Fisheries).    

Progress

To kick-off this research project, a meeting with stakeholders was held on 14 April 2015. To identify the most appropriate communes for the three study sites, two junior researchers drafted monographs of the aimed project zones in the provinces TraVinh and BenTre. For BenTre, this was done between May and August 2015. Among the three coastal districts, Binh Dai was chosen as a project zone for the research, because the shrimp production in this area is higher than in other areas, and because all shrimp farming models are represented here.

Agent Based Model
To study the effect of role playing games on the attitude, opinion and practices of shrimp farmers and policymakers in the Mekong Delta, the project team will develop agent based models (ABM) that will be used in the selected study sites. A thesis research project was conducted by a student of the Master Geo‐Information (MGI) of Wageningen University. In this study, a first prototype of an agent based model (ABM) was developed, including an explicit representation of social processes.

Social processes
This ABM was used to explore effects of choices for a farming system made by farmers. The results include maps showing the farm types and the various types of decisions and behaviour of farmers through time. A base‐model was set‐up and calibrated to simulate as good as possible the current dynamics. Based on this base‐model three scenarios have been explored to evaluate effects of changes. These scenarios included an increased risk of diseases, a decline of the shrimp market, and a social unrest scenario. The results show the value of including more explicit representations of social process in the ABM. These insights are currently used to develop a complete agent based model describing the shrimp‐farming for various communes in the Mekong delta.

Summary

The integrated mangrove-shrimp systems (IMSS) are compulsory farming systems in the buffer zone along the coast of the Mekong Delta. The voluntary adoption beyond this zone is constrained by short term interests.
IUCN leads three projects aiming to enhance ecosystem services and increase the sustainability of livelihoods by expanding IMSS. WU and CTU developed an Agent Based Model (ABM) for CaMau province and observed that both the ABM using scenarios developed by stakeholders, and the Role Playing Games (RPG) used for ABM calibration supported changes in attitude. This project aims to assess the learning effects of combining RPG and participatory ABM on (1) farmers knowledge, attitude and adoption of IMSS or related technologies, and on (2) policymakers knowledge and opinion of the Mekong Delta. Thereto it will refine and apply the RPG and ABM for three provinces, and monitor and assess the changes in attitude, opinion and practices.

Output

Scientific article

  • R. Bosma, A. Ligtenberg, P. Nguyen, R. Rodela, A.K. Bregt(2018): An Investigation of the Role of Social Dynamics in Conversion to Sustainable Integrated Mangrove‐Shrimp Farming in Ben Tre Province, Vietnam Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography pp. 421 - 437
  • P Nguyen, R Bosma, A.K. Bregt, A Ligtenberg(2018): An Investigation of the Role of Social Dynamics in Conversion to Sustainable Integrated Mangrove-Shrimp Farming in Ben Tre Province, Vietnam Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography pp. 421 - 437
  • R. Rodela, A. Ligtenberg, R. Bosma(2019): Conceptualizing Serious Games as a Learning-Based Intervention in the Context of Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Water pp. 245 - 245

Professional publication

  • H.Q. Tong, R.H. Bosma, H.T.P. Ha, A Ligtenberg, T.P.D. Van, A.K. Bregt(2016): Aquaculture and Forestry Activities in Duyen Hai district, Tra Vinh Province, VIETNAM
  • K ANH, R.H. Bosma, T.P.H. Tran, A Ligtenberg, P.D.T Van, A.K. Bregt(2016): Aquaculture and Forestry Activities in Binh Dai district, Ben Tre Province, VIETNAM
  • A Wyatt, A Ligtenberg, R Rodela(2018): Coastal Zones Need Both Mangrove and Shrimp

Publications for the general public

  • M Oliemans(2016): Simulation of social processes in an Agent Based Model about shrimp farming in the Mekong Delta Vietnam
  • R Bosma(2016): Report Midterm meetin
  • J Jansen(2017): Comparing the Sustainability of Shrimp Farms in Tra Vinh province of the Mekong Delta.
  • A.K. Bregt, R Rodela, R Bosma, A Ligtenberg, N.T.H Phuong(2017): Report on the expert workshop on RPG
  • P Nguyen Thi Huynh, A.K. Bregt, R.H. Bosma, A. Ligtenberg, H. Tran Thi Phung, R. Rodela, H. Tong Quoc(2017): USING BOARD GAMES TO RAISE AWARENESS AND VALIDATE AGENT-BASED-MODELS FOR SUSTAINABLE SHRIMP FARMING IN THE VIETNAMESE MEKONG DELTA
  • N.T.H Phuong(2018): Report on the longitudinal monitoring of the RPG
  • P Nguyen Thi Huynh(2018): Report: The Role playing game and changes in farmers opinon

Details

Project number

W 08.252.42

Main applicant

Prof. dr. ir. A.K. Bregt

Affiliated with

Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra), Centrum Landschap

Team members

Dr. ir. R.H. Bosma, Prof. dr. ir. A.K. Bregt, J. Brunner, Dr. T. Cong Dan, H. Cuong, N. Ha, O.M. Joffre PhD, N. Le, Dr. ir. A. Ligtenberg, N. Minh, N.B. Niet Bekend en Niet Gebruiken, N.B. Niet Bekend en Niet Gebruiken, N.B. Niet Bekend en Niet Gebruiken, N.B. Niet Bekend en Niet Gebruiken, Dr. T.T. Phung Ha, N. Phuong, N. Phuong, T. Quoc Hiep, Dr. R.R. Rodela, P. Thanh Kim Anh, N. Trang, T. Trinh, Dr. NWO Vam Pham Dang Tri, A. Wyatt

Duration

01/04/2015 to 31/03/2017

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