Upscaling improved groundnut varieties through integrated seed systems for improving income and nutrition in dryland of Ghana and Mali

This project aims to sustainably improve the groundnut seed systems for the upscaling of improved groundnut varieties for improving the income and nutrition in Ghana and Mali by adopting an innovative seed systems model that integrates the formal and informal channels to enhance seed production and marketing.

Consortium

Main applicant: Dr H. Affognon (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT))

Co-applicants:

  • Dr D. Sako (Institute D’Economie Rurale (IER))
  • Dr D.K. Puozaa (CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute)
  • Dr P. R. Gildemacher (Royal Tropical Institute (KIT))
  • Dr K. Traoré (Société de production de Semences Améliorées (SOPROSA-SARL))
  • Z. Sumani Iddrisu (Heritage Seeds Company Limited)

Summary

Africa is the second largest groundnut producing continent accounting for about 40% and 31% of the global area and production, respectively. West and Central Africa region accounts for more than 70% of the groundnut production in Africa where the crop is cultivated by smallholder farmers. Groundnut is a major cash crop for many households, and it is a nutritious food that contributes to improved nutrition and health of the rural population. Despite its importance, the productivity of groundnut in Africa remains low with unshelled yield of less than 1 ton/ha compared with global average of about 1.7 tons/ha and over 3 tons/ha in USA and China attributed to various constraints including biotic, abiotic stresses and socioeconomic factors. In addition, low availability of breeder and foundation seeds of improved varieties and weak formal seed distribution systems contribute to the low productivity of the crop. Therefore, the aim of this project is to sustainably improve the groundnut seed systems for the upscaling of improved groundnut varieties for improving the income and nutrition in Ghana and Mali. The project will adopt innovative seed systems model that integrates the formal and informal channels to enhance seed production and marketing. The project will achieve its goal by documenting the current groundnut seed systems and identifying the key actors along the seed value chains. The project will also assess the enabling conditions underlying effective uptake by women, men and youth for wider spread of improved varieties of groundnut in the target areas of both countries. The integrated systems that assures availability and access to affordable quality groundnut seeds for men, women and youth farmers through innovative production technologies and efficient business models will be explored. Finally stakeholders, from the on-going programs and projects will be engaged to formulate and integrate recommendations for improved groundnut seed systems.

Details

Project number

W 08.240.108

Main applicant

Dr. H. Affognon

Affiliated with

ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics India

Team members

Mr. G. Baltissen, Dr. H. Desmae, Dr. P.M. Etwire, Dr. P. Gildemacher, Dr. D. Kanvenaa, Dr. A. Ogunbayo, Dr. D. Sako, Mr. M. Traore, Dr. J.O. Yila

Duration

01/04/2019 to 31/01/2022