Awarded activities 2020

Thirty-four teams will organise activities like workshops and exchanges with researchers and stakeholders from Brazil, China, Indonesia, India, Russia, South Africa or Turkey. A list of the projects, working titles and a brief summaries of the research projects is given below.

List sorted in alphabetical order

Pilot-project of exchange of members of the Leiden-Delft Casimir Research school with Physics PhD Resears school of HSE Moscow
Main applicant: Prof. dr. J. Aarts (LEI)

The Physics Department at the HSE-Moscow has recently started a Physics PhD Research school inspired by the experience of the Leiden-Delft Casimir researchschool. Funding from NWO will enable people from the Casimir research school to participate as lecturers and as fellow-PhD-students in a PhD-student-centered workshop at the HSE-Science center in Voronovo (June 2-6 2020). In addition, members of the PhD council of Physics-HSE in Moscow will visit the PhD-council of Casimir and the director of Casimir.

Towards achieving a shared aim: Education for Global Citizenship and Sustainable Development by Using Socio-scientific Issues in Science Education
Main applicant: Dr. D. Bayram-Jacobs (TU/e)

This project aims to share the experiences of good practices and existing materials on Socio-scientific Issues (SSI) concerning Global Citizenship, for improving stakeholders’ knowledge and skills on this issue. It will build capacity in organisations by developing a competency framework for competencies that are promoted by the SSI materials. The workshop will provide Turkish and Dutch teams with the opportunity of sharing experiences and developing ideas for further collaboration. A seminar which will be given to a diverse group of stakeholders, pre/in-service teachers/educators, researchers, will help them develop ideas about integrating SSI towards Global Citizenship in their practices.

Resilience of the Richest Reefs: Building the resilience of Marine Protected Areas to climate change in an age of growing tourism
Main applicant: Dr. L.E. Becking (WUR)

Indonesia has the highest coral reef biodiversity in the world. These reefs are a focal point for conservation as well as for tourism. Combining the expertise of Indonesian and Dutch scientists, educators, conservationists, and policymakers, we want to understand how the richest reefs of the world can stay resilient to climate change under increasing pressure from tourism. We will study the social-ecological-system, where we take an approach that explicitly links the resilience of ecosystems to governance structures, economies and society. Our aim is to develop knowledge videoclips and shared education and research programs to ensure resilient research for the future.

Preparatory workshop for a joint Indonesian Netherlands scientific biodiversity expedition in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. dr. J.C. Biesmeijer (Naturalis)

Biodiversity in Indonesia and the Netherlands is under pressure with consequences for species survival and human wellbeing. Indonesia and the Netherlands have a long research history focussing at describing, understanding and protecting biodiversity. In November 2021 a binational marine and terrestrial expedition will be held. During a workshop in autumn 2020 the Dutch and Indonesian counterparts will work on a common research agenda (2021-2025), discuss logistics, safety, the legal framework and publication plan. In addition, the workshop will be used to prepare a large capacity building program focussed on training in collection management, digitalisation, DNA-barcoding, genomics and image recognition.

Agricultural and environmental 2D gas sensors
Main applicant: Prof. dr. A.A. Bol (TU/e)

Gas sensing has become vital to deal with challenges in tracking atmospheric pollution, monitoring climate change and ensuring sustainable agricultural productivity in the Netherlands as well as India. This Indo-Dutch science exchange brings together scientists from TU Delft, TU Eindhoven and IIT Bombay to share their complementary expertise on scalable gas sensing platforms based on emerging two-dimensional materials for environmental and agricultural monitoring. Joint seminars and faculty visits will help strengthen Indo-Dutch scientific co-operation. The final goal is to come to a large international joint research proposal for which preliminary scientific experiments will be performed during this science exchange.

Differences between the urban versus rural mindset: origins, expressions, and implications for policy
Main applicant: Dr. M. Deschesne (LEI)

What differentiates the experiences and perceptions of those living in the countryside versus those living in the city? What are the implications when the urban and the rural interact? How should we take these differences into account when supporting innovations to promote sustainable agriculture? The symposium “Differences between the urban versus rural mindset: origins, expressions, and implications for policy” brings together academics from Russia, The Netherlands, and Japan, to share the most recent academic insights regarding these issues, and the promotion of awareness regarding mindset difference as critical ingredient for policy making and international collaboration in (sustainable) agriculture.

Towards a Russian Grammar
Main applicant: Dr. E.L.J. Fortuin (LEI)

The Russian language is an essential and central feature of Russian society and culture and a source of pride and prestige. In addition to Russian linguists, non-Russian linguists also contribute to the knowledge of Russian grammar. Precisely because the theoretical frameworks of Russian and Western scientists are sometimes different, this collaboration is of great scientific added value. The current project contributes to this international cooperation by bringing Russian and Dutch language scientists together. The aim is that this cooperation will lead to a scientific cross-pollination and the promotion of contacts between Dutch and Russian scientists.

Transitional regional training programme (TRTP)
Main applicant: Dr. M.L. Franco García (UT)

Circular Economy (CE) has become in The Netherlands a pathway to improve regional resources management while environmental impacts from our linear production and consumption systems can be mitigated. After data collection and systematic literature reviews, UT researchers developed a transitional regional training program (TRTP). Being China one of the most successful countries setting CE policies and targets, the expected scientific impact of this project is to contribute to TRTP validation and calibration. Moreover, Coronavirus effects in China calls for emphatic response to strengthen the diplomatic relationship between the two countries, this is the main argument to engage with Chinese organizations.

Dutch Diagnostic tests for Tuberculosis in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. dr. A. Geluk (LUMC)

Tuberculosis (TB) is the most lethal infectious disease, with daily over 3,800 deaths. Globally, Indonesia ranks third as most TB-affected country.
Early diagnosis is vital to proper TB-control. However, 1/3 patients receive no or incorrect diagnosis. The LUMC-research team recently developed a point-of-care (POC), fingerprick-based TB-test, applicable to low-complexity healthcare with potential to transform the TB-diagnostic landscape. Building on existing TB-research collaborations, this project will establish new lines of scientific and diplomatic collaborations between scientists and clinicians from both countries, in preparation for introduction of the Dutch POC TB-test in an Indonesian TB-endemic setting.

Cultural Heritage Technologies for Sustainable Cities
Main applicant: Dr. F.A. Gerritsen (LEI)

Emerging computer science and information and communication technologies (ICT), including artificial intelligence and augmented reality, are increasingly employed for research, preservation, governance and knowledge dissemination of urban heritage. This project will establish a Dutch-Turkish network of heritage scholars, computer scientists and governance experts. We will critically assess existing systems and create a roadmap for collaborative technology development and implementation in heritage policy and practice. We will also explore the possibilities of heritage technologies to make cities and urban life more sustainable and liveable. The project will take place in Istanbul, where world-class cultural heritage intersects with rapid urban transformation.

The Boerhaave-Ruysch-Pirogov Exhibition
Main applicant: Prof. dr. P.C.W. Hoogendoorn (LUMC)

The Medical Faculty Leiden University, Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) in the Netherlands, the Military Medical Academy, the Military Medical Museum and the Anatoly Sobchak Foundation in Saint Petersburg Russian Federation signed two memoranda of understanding one in 2016 and another in 2018. The Memoranda consists among other things exchange of scientific knowledge, masterclasses and the “Boerhaave-Ruijsch-Pirogov” exhibition about common Dutch-Russian medical history. The exhibition and masterclasses in which Naturalis Biodiversity Center also participates are planned from October/November 2020 on. The Program shows how with respect for each other's differences in opinion and politics collaboration based on trust can be successful.

Comércio de Natureza Bemdiverso - Science diplomacy for sustainable development of small-scale bio-culturally diverse forest and farm product value chains
Main applicant: Dr. V.J. Ingram (WUR)

Promoting science diplomacy for sustainable development of the biodiverse, threatened Brazilian Cerrado savannah. This builds on Dutch-Brazilian trade and diplomatic relationships in agricultural and forest products. Scientists from EMBRAPA, UFV, UnB and Wageningen University will collaborate in inter-disciplinary exchanges on the successes, failures and lessons for developing sustainable value chains of forest and farm products, by using multimedia knowledge exchanges between scientists, farmers and harvesters and small enterprises, and then with policymakers. The diplomacy aims to create societal and political value that benefits small-scale farmers and harvesters, maintains forests, natural and cultural diversity, and results in novel Dutch-Brazilian scientific outputs.

Improving health behavior interventions in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. dr. K. Jonas (UM)

Improving Health behavior Interventions in Indonesia is a collaboration between Maastricht University, Open University of the Netherlands, and Universitas Indonesia, taking place in Greater Jakarta area. Indonesia with its large and diverse population is facing a number of psycho-social health behavior challenges. These challenges require state-of-the-art intervention development skills, to be able to respond adequately to existing and upcoming health issues. As two examples of challenges in Indonesia, we focus on HIV and mental health. Our collaboration will showcase Dutch state-of-the-art intervention research in the health domain, and will enable our local partners to execute appropriate health responses themselves.

BRidging Astrocytic – NEurons Interactions in Neuronal Degeneration (BRA-NED)
Main applicant: Prof. dr. H.H. Kampinga (UMCG)

In neurodegenerative diseases, neurons lose their functions and die. In addition, the responses of the glia cells that support the neurons has a great impact. The contributions of both of these aspect for the functional decline of patients is yet unclear. Partners from Brazil and the Netherlands have long-standing research collaborations on both these aspects of neurodegeneration. The groups combine expertise on experimental models and patients. This proposal focuses on the organization of a 5-day symposium aiming to connect and expand our scientific connection and to build sustainable research connections that move beyond individual impact.

Sustainability and Geopolitics: Dutch-Russian Cooperation in Arctic Affairs
Main applicant: Prof. dr. M. Kemper (UvA)

With the sea ice melting, preserving the Arctic region obtains new urgency and geopolitical significance. The increasing use of the Northern trade route and the exploitation of the region's natural resources pose new political and environmental problems. In addition, the Arctic is increasingly seen from a security perspective. How can national interests be combined with environment protection and the rights of indigenous nationalities? What can we learn from the joint work of the Arctic Council where the Netherlands has observer status? Three panels, in Groningen, Amsterdam and St. Petersburg, bring together scholars, stakeholders and diplomats from Russia and the Netherlands.

Heritage, challenges and perspectives of scientific collaboration between Russia and the Netherlands
Main applicant: Prof. dr. A.V. Kimel (RU)

Science and scientists have always been efficient means to maintain dialogue between countries. Neither the Netherlands nor Russia supports programmes for mutual scientific cooperation, while Russia does have such bilateral agreements with Germany, France, Austria, and Flanders (Belgium). As a result, the Netherlands lacks the possibility for scientific diplomacy with Russia. We propose a multidisciplinary forum, which will unite researchers from the fields of linguistics, history and physics. This forum may help to define actions to stimulate scientific collaborations between our countries and propose topics for ambitious collaborative megaprojects aiming to address the most urgent problems of our societies.

Exploring Opposing Worldviews: Dutch-Russian Relations through the eyes of W.J. Oudendijk, the Last Dutch Envoy to (pre)-revolutionary Russia
Main applicant: Prof. dr. J.S.A.M. van Koningsbrugge (RUG)

At present, mutual relations between Russia and the Netherlands (and the west) are at a low point. The fact that different worldviews guide Western and Russian governments in their domestic and foreign policies partial-ly cause this. This was also the case in the years preceding and following the Russian Revolution. This project proposes to use the history of the latter period, seen through the eyes of one of its protagonists, the last Dutch envoy to czarist Russia, J.W. Oudendijk. By studying his experiences, we want to initiate a broad interdiscipli-nary discussion between scientists and practitioners of Dutch-Russian Relations such as diplomats.

Russian-Dutch Collaboration in Computational Science
Main applicant: Dr. V.V. Krzhizhanovskaya (UvA)

The project will stimulate international scientific collaboration between Dutch and Russian research institutions in the field of computational science, applied to renewable energy and health sectors. The researchers will meet in the International Conference on Computational Science organised by the University of Amsterdam, in ITMO University and in the Netherlands Institute in Saint Petersburg, in a multi-disciplinary open-science environment. The project will increase the visibility and international position of Dutch science and improve diplomatic relations with Russia, by supporting invited lecturers and researchers' travel and stay from the project partners (UvA, VU, TNO, ITMO, NIP) and other institutions.

Nutrients removal and resource recovery from wastewater
Main applicant: Prof. dr. ir. J.B. van Lier (TUD)

Energy-efficiency, resource recovery and availability of clean water are increasingly setting the agenda for technology development, including in the field of (waste)water treatment. In the proposed 3-day workshop, wastewater treatment innovations from the Netherlands and Brazil will be presented and current challenges will be discussed. Scientists, technology providers and end-users from both countries are invited to present their view on (waste)water management in the broader context of the circular economy, aiming for knowledge exchange and heading to a joint research agenda on municipal and industrial wastewater management and reuse options, embedded within the new Brazilian Water Research Centre.

Chinese-European Workshop on functional pavements for better urban infrastructure
Main applicant: Dr X. Liu (TUD)

Roads play a vital role in the Dutch and Chinese transport infrastructure and they drive economic growth and social well-being. To enhance the cooperation on transport infrastructure between Netherlands and China, this project aims to co-organize a Chinese-European Workshop on functional pavements to create a platform for scientific/technical exchange, cooperation between public and private sectors that work in the field of functional pavements. The successful implementation of this project is believed to promote the cooperation and diplomatic relations between Netherlands and China as well as to increase the visibility of Dutch science.

New Directions in Child Protection Policy, Practice and Research in Indonesia and the Netherlands
Main applicant: Dr. M. López López (RUG)

Child abuse and neglect is a major problem affecting an individual’s health and quality of life, and causing massive costs to our societies. This proposal seeks to strengthen the long-term cooperation between the Netherlands and Indonesia by engaging dialogues between policymakers, civil society, and the academic fields in relation to child protection sectors of both countries. This integration of policy, practice, research and education as a scientific diplomacy endeavor consists of a 2-day symposium to be held in Indonesia as a joint collaboration between the University of Groningen, the Amsterdam University of Applied Science and the Universitas Padjadjaran.

Bridge Builders: Dutch Studies in Russia and Russian Studies in the Netherlands from a Historical Perspective
Main applicant: Dr. E. (Eric) Metz (UvA)

Through the ages, the relations between the Netherlands and Russia have been marked by major fluctuations. During two conferences – one in St-Petersburg and one in Amsterdam – we plan to present a number of cases from the fourteenth till the beginning of the twenty-first century, with regard to institutional as well as non-institutional Dutch studies in Russia and Russian studies in the Netherlands. The focus will be on the twentieth century, when Dutch and Slavic departments have been founded at Russian and Dutch universities respectively. Apart from institutional history and the work of important slavists and scholars in Dutch studies, we will pay attention to the history of Russian-Dutch lexicography and to literary translation. Both conferences will also leave room for lectures intended for a broader audience. The project will result in an inventory of knowledge and expertise, and at the same time lay the foundation for a larger bilateral research proposal.

“Astronomy for development" events at the United Nations General Assembly
Main applicant: Prof. dr. G. K. Miley (LEI)

Because of the prominent position of Dutch astronomy and its exploitation for advancing the SDGs, we have been invited to organise an “Astronomy for Development” programme at a prestigious conference surrounding the 75th U.N. General Assembly. Our activities will focus on innovative contributions of astronomy to advancing SDG4 (Education), SDG9 (Infrastructure), SDG13 (Climate Action), SDG16 (Peace), SDG5 (Gender Equality) and SDG10 (Inequalities). South African Foreign Minister Pandor, who was recently awarded an Honorary Professorship of “Astronomy for Development” by Leiden University, will play a major role. The initiative will contribute to the 3 main dimensions of science diplomacy.

New Perspectives: Dutch-Russian Encounters in architecture and town planning //
Main applicant: Dr. ir. I.V. Nevzgodin (TUD)

The first Tsar of Russia, Ivan the Terrible started the Russian-Dutch Encounters in architecture with his invitation of Dutch masons to Moscow. Thus, from the sixteenth century the two countries are continuously interacting in the fields of landscape, military, industrial and civil architecture, town planning, cartography and infrastructure. These encounters proved to be sustainable and resilient.
The aims of this scientific seminar/workshop are: 1. review ongoing (multidisciplinary) research in both countries and 2. to formulate new themes for future collaborations and 3. to raise public awareness for the mutual built heritage. This fascinating part of Russian-Dutch history would be a solid foundation for future bilateral relations.

Brazil-Netherlands symposium on water technology solutions for arid regions
Main applicant: Dr. ir. P.R. van Oel (WUR)

Since imperial times, in Northeast Brazil public policies for dealing with drought have included technological interventions such as dams, inter-basin water transfer, pipelines, deep wells, shallow wells, cisterns, and desalination systems. Although partly successful, these interventions have largely failed to serve many remote rural communities. For these communities we propose alternative innovative technological solutions, such as Air-to-Water and Compact Water Treatment equipment. To promote and accelerate its urgently required widespread implementation throughout northeast Brazil we propose a matchmaking event for Dutch and Brazilian researchers, public and private key players in proactive drought management, and entrepreneurs developing these low-cost technological solutions.

A workshop on mammography screening to improve the early detection of breast cancer in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. R.M. Pijnappel (UMCU)

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer and leading cause of cancer death in women in Indonesia. Women have limited access to screening services, and breast cancer patients therefore often present at late stages. This results in a high breast cancer mortality. A workshop on mammography screening will be organised by the Dutch Expert Centre for Screening in collaboration with local organisations, as part of a larger initiative to improve the early detection of breast cancer in Indonesia. The evidence-based workshop will contribute to capacity building in breast imaging.

Renewable Energy in the Making – Russian and Dutch Perspectives on the Future of Renewable Energy Regulation
Main applicant: Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Roggenkamp (RUG)

The two-day conference facilitates interchange of ideas and lessons learned concerning the role of renewable energy sources in the energy transition from the Russian and the Dutch perspective. The conference focuses on the role of the legal framework in the energy transition. A common trait of the two countries is the historic reliance on hydrocarbons, and therefore, the production and use of renewable energy sources is slow. Topics included in this conference are renewable energy support schemes, greening of gas supplies, regulation of local energy systems and local energy communities, and finally the regulation of heat networks and heat supply.

On News and Fake News: What Did the Dutch Really Think About Russia in the Early Seventeenth Century?
Main applicant: Prof. dr. J. Schaeken (LEI)

Four hundred years ago, for the first time in history, the Dutch public was extensively informed by a fellow countryman about the state of affairs in Russia: the customs and history of the Russians. So-called first-hand information. At first glance, that appears not to be entirely true. What is fact and what is fiction? Dutch and Russian scientists jointly look for the answer to this key question: news or fake news? Has anything really changed with regard to reliable information exchange between the two countries in all those past centuries?

Multilingualism: an impetus for education and the economy
Main applicant: Prof. dr. N.O. Schiller (LEI)

A great amount of research has been conducted on the subject of multilingualism and its many advantages: languages unite people, strengthen intercultural understanding, play a vital role in enhancing employability and mobility, thereby offering economic, political and development benefits.
However, there is still a long way to go to achieve a multilingual reality and bridge the gap between theory and practice. The proposed three-day conference will bring together scholars and practitioners from The Netherlands, India and elsewhere to discuss the newest insights from research, their implementation into language and education policies and to set up future collaboration.

Strengthening the Science-Policy Interface between the Netherlands and Russia in Sustainable Agriculture and Smart Urban-Rural Innovations (Acronym: RUSARUR)
Main applicant: Dr. V. Simeonova-Van der Grift (WUR)

This RUSARUR project will strengthen the science-policy interface between the Netherlands and Russia in sustainable agriculture innovations in the rural & peri-urban areas. The project focuses on exchange and promotion of scientific insights in development of Sustainable food systems and increase the regional innovation potential. The project promotes new knowledge in interdisciplinary research strategies and cross-sectoral policies, needed to solve key challenges in food production and consumption, value chains, equal access to safe and healthy food and environmental sustainability. RUSARUR is a collaboration between leading Dutch and Russian academic institutions that will stimulate broad stakeholder involvement in research initiatives.

From Knowledge to Effective Policies: the role of the law in realizing access to and protection against water
Main applicant: Dr. A. Tollenaar (RUG)

Access to water is one of the sustainable development goals. Quite often there is quite some knowledge about the causes and consequences of water pollution and water floods. What lacks is a translation into effective policy. Since access to water is a human right this is also a question about the effectiveness of law. This results in various questions: how is access to water regulated? Is it possible to enforce these rules, or in other words: how can citizens enforce the right to water? And what is the role of non-governmental organisations in this respect?

Diplomacy and Religion. Meeting Each Other in the Post-Soviet Russian Case
Main applicant: Prof. dr. E.V. Tolstoj (VU)

Post-Soviet Russia has experienced a broad and complex revival of religion after decades of Soviet atheist ideology. Increasingly religion has become relevant in society and in Russian domestic and international politics. This (geo-)political role of religion poses challenges to academic research as well as to diplomacy, where expertise on religion is much needed. Given the important and sensitive diplomatic ties between the Netherlands and Russia, we aim to bring scholars of religion and diplomats in exchange to facilitate dialogue and strengthen Dutch-Russian research and diplomacy.

Re-Feeding Istanbul Event, Towards a more self-reliant Metropolitan Area on the topic of agri-food
Main applicant: Dr. E.J. Veen (WUR)

How to feed a metropole sustainably and healthily, is one of the urgent questions of this epoch. Istanbul feels the reality of that question. The metropole is looking for new pathways that integrate the potential of the metropolitan food production capacities with urban issues as ecology, energy, waste, water management, liveability and urban sprawl. The ‘Re-Feeding Istanbul Event’ brings together Dutch and Istanbul experts and scientists in sustainable urban food production to share knowledge and expertise, and to start with co-visioning new pathways that integrate solutions at the micro, meso and macro level of the metropole.

Viruses at the Human-Animal interface: Building Bridges and Crossing Boundaries
Main applicant: Dr. C.A.D.M. van de Vijver (WUR)

Recent and widespread outbreaks of avian influenza Zika, African swine fever, Ebola, and the current COVID-19 highlight the ever increasing risks that zoonotic viruses pose to human and animal health. To counter this threat our understanding of the epidemiology of viruses at the human and animal interface must be brought to a next level which requires collaborative efforts across countries, disciplines and stakeholders. To this end we present this project which concerns a one-week workshop ending in a seminar in which ErasmusMC, Wageningen and Chinese scientists jointly identify knowledge gaps and focal areas to address this global threat.