An overview of all seven allocated projects, which cover a broad part of the research field, can be found at the bottom of this post.
The aim of NWO Hop-On Call for Proposals for Researchers Based in Ukraine: NWO-NRFU Partnership Initiative 2023 is to stimulate online participation of qualified researchers in Ukraine in ongoing NWO projects and to extend their professional network in the Dutch research community. The maximum budget for this call has been reached, and no new applications can be made.
Several researchers tell more about their motivation to cooperate and what this allocation means for their project and country.
''I am very grateful for this opportunity to integrate a Ukrainian colleague in my project, who will do important work on the experiences of Ukrainian migrants in European labour markets. International collaboration and the opportunity to learn from different perspectives are crucial for academic research, and it is a special responsibility of the academic community to support colleagues in countries suffering from war, civil war, or other threats to the free exercise of academic research.'' - Prof. Dr. Lisa Herzog
Now, more than ever, Ukrainian science seeks a constructive reorientation towards European integration. The Hop-On Call provided an opportunity to establish contacts for institutional assistance and cooperation.
''I am confident that my inclusion in the project will contribute significantly to expanding Ukrainian-Dutch scientific cooperation in the long term. Moreover, it will facilitate the further integration of Ukrainian science into the European system of traditions and values. For me, joining this project signifies a new, inspiring, and elevated level of cooperation, providing opportunities for unique professional experiences and personal development. I am truly excited about these beautiful prospects!'' - Prof. Dr. Tetiana Stepura
''Naturally, there are limits to what you can do in 1 project and my VIDI focuses on the Netherlands and the US. The NWO-NFRU Partnership allows me to expand my VIDI project to Ukraine. This is a great opportunity for me and the project. But most of all, I am excited about this project because it allowed me to create some research opportunities for scholars in Ukraine.'' - Dr. Bert Bakker
Working together with other researchers, especially from another country, is not only a great honour for me, but also new opportunities for obtaining new interesting results.
''The grant I received is of great importance to me as a scholar. In the modern scientific world, the most important results are obtained by teams of researchers. Therefore, working together with other researchers, especially from another country, is not only a great honour for me, but also new opportunities for obtaining new interesting results. Thank you.'' - Prof. Dr. Viacheslav Dziundziuk
DiTEC: Digital Twins for Evolutionary Changes in Water Networks
Principal Investigators: Dr. V.O. Degeler (University of Amsterdam) & Prof. Yurii I. Dorofieiev (National Technical University ‘Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute’)
Currently, a complex system based on the physical properties of water flows that are used for simulation modelling has a number of limitations. The Digital Twin system, which is proposed in the NWO project, is aimed at overcoming these limitations. The results obtained by the Ukrainian researcher will make it possible to supplement the system with an adequate mathematical model, as well as to automate the decision-making process regarding the network structure and operating modes of the controlled elements of the water supply system under changing operation scenarios. Both during the training stage of the deep learning network and during the prediction stage, many potential what-if scenarios need to be investigated. Therefore, we will use the mathematical model, developed by the Ukrainian partner, to (1) run the what-if scenarios according to the parameters, predicted or reconstructed by the deep learning network; (2) investigate the potential reduction of the parameter space that should be predicted by the deep learning model. This new task will last two years and will be performed by the Ukrainian partner between months M18-M42 of the DiTEC project. The close collaboration between the Dutch consortium and the Ukrainian partner will ensure early integration of the results into the digital twin system under development.
Working Democracy. A philosophy of work for democratic societies
Principal Investigators: Prof. Dr. L. Herzog (University of Groningen) & Prof. Dr. T. Stepura (Lviv Polytechnic National University)
Prof. Dr. Stepura will develop an online survey about the work experience of Ukrainians working in other European countries (see UNHCR 2023), which will be spread among the Ukrainian diaspora in Europe taking into account the time of displacement (before or after the war) in order to assess the impact of forced migration on the experience of more or less “decent“ work. Depending on the outcomes of the survey, we might add additional data sources (e.g., quantitative data from different countries on wage levels, or in-depth interviews or online focus groups for understanding specific situations in more detail). The goal is to understand how Ukrainian migrants before and after the war experienced work in European countries, what effect on the democracy and inequality of their work experience the Temporary Protection Directive had, and what the possible obstacles to experiencing decent work for this group of migrant workers are. This will contribute to the overall aim of this project ‘Working Democracy’, namely to understand how different forms of work, especially at the margins of labour markets, influence the democratic attitudes of individuals, and how to evaluate this interaction from a normative perspective
Stronger together: how glutamate receptors cooperate at the nanoscale to shape synaptic transmission in the brain
Principal Investigators: Dr. H.D. MacGillavry (Utrecht University) & Dr. O. Tsupykov (Department of Cytology, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology)
Dr. Tsupykov will help to decipher how different glutamate receptors are positioned at excitatory synapses using immuno-labelling EM contributing to Objective 1 of the project and providing a firm basis for the experiments proposed in Objective 2. Dr. Tsupykov will perform immuno-EM on hippocampal neurons expressing endogenously tagged glutamate receptor sub-types and quantify the spatial association between receptors and coupling distance to the synapse. Initially, experiments will be performed on dissociated hippocampal cultures but will be combined with experiments in organotypic hippocampal slice preparations.
Thus, the contributions of Dr. Tsupykov to this project greatly expand the possibilities and is an exciting prospect for us.
CURE4LIFE: Development and societal impact of stem cell-based genetic medicines
Principal Investigators: Prof. Dr. Frank J.T. Staal (LUMC) & Prof. Dr. Oksana R.Boyarchuk (I.Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University)
The NWO-NWA project Cure4LIFE aims to improve the availability and accessibility of stem cell-based gene therapies for a wide variety of disorders. The situation in Ukraine is an excellent case to improve and study accessibility in countries that are less wealthy than Western European countries, but do have well-trained physicians and researchers that could help implement genetic medicines. The Ukrainian research partner will help with expanding collaboration, and with the selection and recruiting of patients for gene therapy.
Under pressure: How citizens respond to threats and adopt the attitudes and behaviours to counter them
Principal Investigators: Dr. B.N. Bakker (University of Amsterdam) & Prof. Dr. Viacheslav Dziundziuk (V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University)
The first sentence of the VIDI project states ‘With a pandemic, climate change, terrorist attacks, and financial meltdowns, we have in the last twenty years experienced multiple threats that potentially could have (or will in the future) fundamentally alter our way of life’. At the time of submitting the VIDI proposal, it was not foreseen that a war of this scale would start in Europe. By teaming up with the research partner, it will become possible to study the role of threat in what, arguably, is one of the biggest threats a country can face: war. The project in Ukraine will be conducted in collaboration with the two PhD students who are working on the Vidi project. The research partner can co-supervise the students during this sub-project. The research partner can further develop his supervision skills in international
collaborative projects. The research partner will be part of the joint research paper that is written based on this project. Being an author on the collaborative paper will also further strengthen the research partner’s
profile and gain experience in publishing in international journals in the field of political behaviour.
Improved Algebraic Methods for Cryptanalysis of Post-Quantum Cryptosystems (ALPaQCa)
Principal Investigators: Dr. S. Samardjiska (Radboud University) & Prof. A. Oliynyk (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv)
The ongoing AlPaQca project focuses predominantly on cryptanalysis of post-quantum schemes using algebraic methods. In an algebraic attack, the cryptographic scheme is modelled as a system of non-linear polynomial equations. Solving the system reveals the secret key or the secret message and thus breaks the cryptographic scheme. The research partner has expertise in studying algebraic objects modelled using combinatorial logic techniques. The ability of the researcher to interpret properties with a different mathematical apparatus is a valuable addition to the AlPaQca project. We expect a fresh view on the problems at hand and potentially a very unorthodox approach to the modelling of the problems, inspired by the previous work of the researcher.
Scholarly Virtues and Vices in Nineteenth-Century
Principal Investigators: Prof. Dr. H.J. Paul (Leiden University) & Dr. V.D. Grekov (National Science Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology)
The co-applicant will add a Ukrainia-Russian case study to this NWO project. He will examine how scholarly vices (dogmatism, prejudice, bias) and their positive counterparts (virtues like objectivity, impartiality, carefulness) were invoked in some of the most politically charged debates in nineteenth-century Russian/Ukrainian scholarship; the issue of ‘Rus’ history and the interpretation of the ‘Rus’ concept.