Six projects granted in Cooperation Indonesia - The Netherlands research programme

10 December 2018

The Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI) and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) granted six joint research projects that focus on food, water and rule of law.

RISTEKDIKTI  and NWO work together in the Cooperation Indonesia-The Netherlands programme to finance joint research that is in alignment with the national science agendas of Indonesia and the Netherlands, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the EU Grand Societal Challenges. A long term scientific collaboration exists between Indonesia and The Netherlands which is further strengthened in this new collaboration to address scientific and societal issues of interest to both countries.

Projects granted

Palm Oil Conflicts and Access to Justice in Indonesia
Main applicant: Dr W.J. Berenschot, KITLV
This project engages in a first-ever study of general patterns and outcomes of oil palm conflicts across Indonesia. The aim is to provide input for legal reform and governance initiatives that will strengthen the capacity of rural communities to address grievances caused by oil palm expansion. So far these conflicts have only been studied through case studies with an emphasis on failing judicial institutions. This project proposes a new approach combining a focus on local processes of informal mediation and transnational RSPO interventions in which NGO’s play a crucial connecting role. Using an innovative mixed methods approach, this project collaborates closely with local NGO’s to document 220 conflict cases. We will use this dataset to identify cases and causes of successful conflict resolution on the basis of which policy recommendations will be made.

A blueprint for an Indonesian Landslide Early Warning System (BILEWS)
Main applicant: Dr V.G. Jetten, University of Twente
In Indonesia, landslides triggered by extreme weather conditions cause hundreds of casualties each year. The main aim is to derive local alarm levels for rainfall triggered landslides and debris flows that are sufficiently reliable on a community level. We will generate a deeper understanding of the triggering mechanisms of precipitation to landslide and debris flow initiation on Java, and investigate an ensemble of historical precipitation-landslide data. By introducing homogenous physiographic units based on historical landslide occurrences, the system will be capable of predicting landslide activity near settlements. We apply tailored precipitation forecasting data, in combination with physically based hydrology, slope instability and mass movement modelling, and assess the prediction performance using the active physiographic units. This leads to a scientifically based method for local warning thresholds, which we will make actionable in discussion with community stakeholders to increase their resilience and strengthen their capacity for adaptation to extreme weather.

Innovative Knowledge About Networks – Fish For Food (IKAN-F3)
Main applicant: Dr G. Nooteboom, University of Amsterdam
Small, low priced, fish - either dried, fresh or conserved – are vital for the nutritional security of poor people in rural areas in Indonesia and are an important source of livelihood for millions of coastal fishing families and – often female – processers and traders. Due to climatological changes and market challenges (i.e. increased catch fluctuations and processing of small fish for fish meal) the supply of affordable small fish is under threat. Meanwhile, changing diets and food programs affect the demand for small fish. Considering these fluctuations in supply and demand, IKAN–F3 aims to study the food system that services low-income consumers in three selected rural regions in Indonesia with the aim of improving their quality, resilience and scope. It builds on ongoing research on this topic in various parts of the world, and aims to develop innovative insights and lessons relevant to Indonesia.

Informal Economies and Creative Industry strategies (INECIS) - Governance arrangements, socio-spatial dynamics and informal economies in urban kampongs in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. K. Pfeffer, University of Twente
Studies that specifically address the contribution of urban kampongs to the city economy are scarce of it is yet unclear how can and should strategies formulated at the local government level integrate and collaborate with co-existing informal economies. Therefore, our research aims to analyze the relationship between the informal economies of kampongs and formal creative industries strategies, and how these impact the spatial, social and economic development of kampongs. The study will identify: the commodification of informal industries and their contribution to local economy, social and economic opportunities for Small Medium Enterprises, and the mutual relationship between the informal economy and land use patterns. The study also addresses the issue of justice for vulnerable communities, by analysing the relationship between government-led strategies and changes to socio-economic characteristics, land, and tenure security in urban kampongs. The interdisciplinary research combines qualitative and quantitative approaches, including socio-economic, policy, and spatial methods of analysis.

Containment of antimicrobial resistance: towards a sustainable poultry production chain in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. J.A. Wagenaar, Utrecht University
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat for animal and public health and is recognized by Heads of State by a resolution in the General Assembly of the United Nations. To contain AMR, antimicrobial usage (AMU) should be reduced as this is considered to be the main driver of selection for resistant bacteria. Preliminary data collected by consortium partners showed considerable overuse of antimicrobials in the Indonesian poultry production. The aim of this project is to investigate why, what and how much antimicrobials are used in poultry production, to implement interventions in primary production to reduce AMU, and measure changes in AMU and AMR. The consortium consists of research organisations, a commercial partner and 4 associated organisations from the main stakeholder groups.This project contributes to a safe and sustainable poultry food chain in Indonesia, reduces the risks of resistant bacteria for humans, and reduces the environmental contamination with antimicrobials.

Ground Up: a practice based analysis of groundwater governance for integrated urban water resources management in Semarang
Main applicant: Prof. M.Z. Zwarteveen, University of Amsterdam
Reducing flood risk while increasing access to water supply for Semarang’s most vulnerable residents requires integrated management of water resources flowing across different urban water infrastructure systems, above and below ground. We approach this integration through a practice based analysis of groundwater governance. Our aim is to identify, test, and evaluate pragmatic possibilities for a more equitable and sustainable integration of groundwater and surface water flows. For this, we co-produce transdisciplinary knowledge with groundwater users and practitioners on how the intersections between hydrological processes, technical systems, and social relations shape decision making, negotiation, and contestation of groundwater allocation, conservation and protection. We do this by (1) integrating and translating scientific knowledge of how, where, and for whom intersections shape exposure to risk and access (2) co-generating new knowledge on the social relations shaping these intersections (3) supporting platforms for civic innovation in groundwater governance for Semarang and other Indonesian cities.

Source: NWO