Six awards in European Call Biodivscen

17 October 2018

The board of NWO Domain Science has approved six project proposals for the European call Biodivscen.

ENW Biodivscen Source: ShutterstockENW Biodivscen Source: Shutterstock

This COFUND call of the ERA-NET BiodivScen (“Scenarios of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services”) is organised to strengthen research focussed on climate scenarios for biodiversity and ecosystem services. Dutch researchers participate in international consortia to address these global societal challenges.

SECBIVIT: Scenarios for providing multiple ecosystem services and biodiversity in viticultural landscapes
Dr N. Schwarz, University of Twente
In agroecosystems, many ecosystem services need to be balanced to achieve sustainable development goals and Aichi biodiversity targets. The primary drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem services in viticultural landscapes are climate change, the invasion of alien (pest) species and globalisation. These drivers influence land use and policy decisions at the local, landscape and regional level, and affect multiple dimensions of biodiversity, ecosystem services and income. This research will develop and test model frameworks that integrate various land use and biodiversity scenarios across spatial scales for future management in the viticultural regions of Spain, France, Germany, Austria and Romania.

FutureWeb: Climate and land use change threat to the vertebrate European food web structure and functioning
Prof P.H. Verburg, VU Amsterdam
The overarching objective of FutureWeb is to produce robust projections of the impact of global change on multi-trophic biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and services in Europe. Thanks to its approach, FutureWeb is at the forefront of research that predicts biodiversity changes in response to global change, their cascading effects on ecosystem functioning and services, and the implications of those changes for conservation.

ENVISION: An inclusive approach to assessing integrative scenarios and visions for protected area management
Dr A. van Teeffelen, VU Amsterdam
Creating protected area management strategies that enhance biodiversity conservation while supporting the needs of residents and the agriculture, tourism, energy, and water management sectors is a major global challenge. ENVISION aims to explore inclusive conservation as a creative and original approach that combines participatory scenario modelling, multi-narrative platforms, and co-creation of knowledge to build protected area management strategies that are socially relevant, economically productive, and environmentally sustainable. The approach focusses on multiple dimensions of biodiversity, ecosystem services, and well-being in biodiversity scenarios.

REEF-FUTURES: The futures of reef services in the Anthropocene
Dr P. van Beukering, VU Amsterdam
On coastal reefs, natural and human systems share a history of strong mutual dependence, and this cannot be neglected if both are to flourish in the future. Biodiversity on these reefs translates directly into services. Reef fish support people's nutritional and economic needs in many poor countries while reefs host the majority of marine life on Earth. The world's reefs are, however, severely over-fished or degraded and solutions must be found to avoid or escape this negative spiral. REEF-FUTURES aims to move beyond the over-simplified ‘human impact’ storyline and focus on uncovering new solutions based on a prospective and integrated modelling approach of reef social-ecological systems at the global scale.

GloBAM: Towards monitoring, understanding and forecasting global biomass flows of aerial migrants
Dr J.Z. Shamoun-Baranes, University of Amsterdam
Every year, trillions of migratory insects and birds move within and across continents. Migrant species are a significant but undervalued dimension of biodiversity. They connect distant ecosystems, alter nutrient and energy flows as well as food-web topology and stability, and influence the economy, agriculture and health. Rapid climate change, increased urbanisation and the vast expansion of artificial light and wind energy installations have severely impacted the size of migrant populations and their habitats. GloBAM seeks to realise major advances in characterising and quantifying the spatial and temporal biomass flows of aerial migrants in Europe and North America using data from existing continental-scale networks of weather radars.

OBServ: Open Library of Pollinator Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Scenarios
Prof D. Kleijn, Wageningen University & Research
Biodiversity plays a pivotal role in maintaining ecosystem functions and providing ecosystem services for human well-being. Paradoxically, biodiversity is being lost at unprecedented rates due to rapid human-induced environmental changes. Scenarios predicting the future of biodiversity and its associated services are a powerful tool to inform conservation planning. However, various factors limit their widespread and productive use. OBServ will use the open source environment k.LAB to develop a user-friendly open library of modelled scenarios in collaboration with stakeholders. The library will contain tools for selecting the right models. The project will focus on pollinators due to their vital contribution to biodiversity maintenance and food security and their threatened status globally.

Source: NWO