Twee toekenningen voor Europees gezamenlijk onderzoek rondom verminderen emissie broeikasgassen

16 juli 2019

Het bestuur van het NWO-domein Exacte en Natuurwetenschappen heeft twee projecten gehonoreerd binnen de Europese joint call "Novel technologies, solutions and systems to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of animal production systems".

De call is een gezamenlijke activiteit van drie aan JPI-FACCE gerelateerde ERA-netten: ERA-GAS (Monitoring & Mitigation of Greenhouse gases from Agri- and Silviculture), SusAN (Sustainable Animal Production) en ICT-Agri (ICT and robotics for sustainable agriculture). Op het kruispunt van deze drie ERA-netten, richt deze call zich op de ontwikkeling van nieuwe technologieën, oplossingen en systemen om de emissie van broeikasgassen van dierlijke productiesystemen te verminderen.

M4Models - Manure management for methane mitigation - Improved inventory modelling to support policy actions
Dr. Ir. Andre Aarnink, Wageningen University & Research
Manure management is a main source of methane (CH4) emissions. Mitigation options such as biogas treatment exist, but effects cannot be verified and are not accounted for in inventories. A new method to estimate CH4 emissions from manure will be used to investigate farm-level greenhouse gas mitigation, and for upscaling to national inventories. Partners are Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the company Bioprocess Control (BPC). BPC will develop a new incubator to quantify CH4 production rates and volatile solids degradation. Experiments will study effects of feeding, biogas treatment and storage on CH4 emissions from manure. All partners will quantify CH4 production rates in manure from pig and cattle farms; volume and temperature are studied with sensors. Results are used to parameterise submodels of daily CH4 emission for use in country-specific models based on FarmAC. GHG mitigation scenarios, incl C storage and N use efficiency, will be studied and the results upscaled for inventories.

CCCfarming - Climate Care Cattle Farming Systems
Prof. dr. ir. Peter Groot Koerkamp, Wageningen University & Research
The aim is to develop climate smart cattle farming systems reducing GHG and ammonia emissions while maintaining the social-economic outlook of the farm business. Key words are efficiency of production and care for climate. Central in the approach are innovative h ousing and manure handling systems in reducing emmissions, like use of composted bedding material, separation of faeces and urine, artificial floor constructions, manure cleaning robots, cow toilet, virtual fencing and ICT data collection techniques, and precision crop fertilization. Promising feeding, breeding and grassland mitigation practices are examined to contribute to the integrated systems approach.
Our study will deliver an assessment of the environmental performance of a network of study field farms in eight EU-countries on basis of NPC balance tools and simple emission measurement methods. Researcher–farmer interaction is meant to improve performance. Expertise groups in each country evaluate the outcomes.

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Bron: NWO