Vijf onderzoeksprojecten op terrein van Slimme Sturing gehonoreerd

24 juli 2014

Binnen het onderzoeksprogramma Slimme Sturing zijn vijf onderzoeksprojecten gehonoreerd. Er waren 21 onderzoeksvoorstellen ingediend.

Binnen het onderzoeksprogramma Slimme Sturing vindt onderzoek plaats op het gebied van de transitie naar efficiëntere en slimme vormen van organisatie en governance. Het programma is een van de zes roadmaps van de Sociale Infrastructuur Agenda, waarin NWO onderzoek programmeert naar complexe maatschappelijke problemen die voor de topsectoren relevant zijn. Het betreft interdisciplinair onderzoek, waarvoor de onderzoekers een consortium dienden te vormen met private, publieke en/of maatschappelijke organisaties als samenwerkingspartners. Bovenop het bij NWO aangevraagde budget leveren deze partners per project een financiële bijdrage die overeenkomt met minstens 25% van het aangevraagde NWO-bedrag. In totaal is door NWO Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen 2,3 miljoen euro beschikbaar gesteld voor deze ronde. 

De vijf gehonoreerde projecten zijn: 

Enhancing smart disaster governance: Assessing the potential of the net-centric approach.
Hoofdaanvrager
: Dr. ir. F.K. Boersma – Vrije Universiteit
Betrokken partners
: Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid (IFV), Veiligheidsregio Groningen (VRG), Veiligheidsregio Noord-Holland-Noord (VRNHN), Veiligheidsregio Rotterdam Rijnmond (VRRR), Veiligheidsregio Utrecht (VRU), Cordaid, Oxfam Novib, Dienst Landelijk Operationeel Centrum (DLOC) Politie

Samenvatting: This project will identify disaster response practices and conditions that can lead to net-centric governance. We define netcentric governance as the organization of a response to disasters by making use of self-directed networks of heterogeneous stakeholders, in an environment enabled by shared technological and organizational infrastructure. We will study whether net-centric governance offers an alternative for formal top-down command and control practices, by drawing on the potential of community networks. Netcentric governance is studied in two different social contexts. Humanitarian work represents weak governmental response structures, but ample experience with social media. The Dutch context represents an over-regulated governmental response structure, but less experience with the use of social media in disaster response. Net-centric governance in these cases can support heterogeneous response networks, building on interconnected goals and ensuring better cooperation.
We will combine ethnographic studies with network analysis and semantic analysis, to understand response practices and to chart patterns in information streams among and between heterogeneous networks. The Safety Regions’ project ‘Netcentisch Werken’ for crisis response in the Netherlands, and Ushahidi and CrisisMappers, citizen-based social media platforms in humanitarian relief as used by NGOs, provide the cases. By analyzing the consequences of interconnecting response organizations with community networks, we will identify the possibilities of a more adaptive disaster governance. This project aims at developing principles of net-centric governance, to be implemented in both humanitarian and national disaster response. The project will contribute to a more legitimate and reliable, that is ‘smart’ disaster response to foster societal resilience.

Governance for Smartening Public Private Partnerships
Hoofdaanvrager: Prof. J.F.M. Koppenjan – Erasmus Universiteit
Betrokken partners: Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Rebel Group, Deltares, Reset management, Twynstra Gudde

Samenvatting: By engaging in comparative research and establishing a transboundary consortium of practitioners (from various sectors, levels of government, and both public and private) this research aims at identifying, codifying and sharing practices of smart governance - hybrid governance mechanisms that succeed in dealing with the challenges third generation PPPs face. The following research question guides the research: What smart governance innovations are being employed during the life cycle of public private partnerships that enhance interaction, joint sense making and the building of trust in such a way that public, private and societal parties succeed in aligning their new roles and overcome institutional divides and uncertainties, allowing the potentials of PPP and its participants to be materialized?
This proposal connects existing knowledge on PPP on contracts and organizations with theories of governance, behavioural science and neo-institutionalism and with research methods aimed at behaviour and governance. Also the consortium combines in depth engineering knowledge on construction and operation (UT) with expertise on public administration and governance (EUR). 
Empirically, the research focusses on the provision of public infrastructure and services in the fields of buildings, transportation, utilities and area development, and it compares PPP practices at various governmental levels (local, regional and national).
This research provides knowledge on how smart governance can enhance the functioning and performance of PPPs. This knowledge also helps to build expectations that are realistic and help both public and private partners to invest in their capabilities to participate in these partnerships.

Hybrid local governance in multiple social domains
Hoofdaanvrager: Dr. A.J. de Roo – Erasmus Universiteit
Betrokken partners: Gemeente Rotterdam, Eigen Kracht Centrale

Samenvatting: The focus of research is on combining ‘traditional’ governance in the social domain with reliance on citizens’ own family- and wider social networks into a hybrid form of governance. This particular governance arrangement combines the democratic ideal of self-rule with the potential of achieving a more efficient deployment of publicly funded professional interventions, as people are activated to solve part of their problems through their own networks. This enquiry is a multidisciplinary effort to understand this particular type of hybrid governance, in partnership with the municipal government of Rotterdam and with the EKC, the Dutch societal organization in charge of mobilizing network support through the internationally established FGC (family group conference) approach. 
Criteria for successful referral to FRG, distilled from state of the art research internationally, will be tested through a two-step local empirical enquiry. First a performance analysis is made based on quasi-experiment, following clients of the local authority who are indicated for either FGC or for professional interventions along different referral paths. Second, a sustainability analysis is made, monitoring the support of social network participants for FGC clients over a 2 year period. The findings, supplemented by insights gained though personal projects on economic impact and institutional variability, are translated into parameters for evidence-based policy. Valorisation takes place through the procurement of a database, enabling on-going monitoring of referrals for the external partners, and by making the findings serve as input in training courses. The latter also constitutes a tool for building internal support towards policy implementation.

Smart Transformations in City-regional Law and Governance
Hoofdaanvrager: Dr. L. Schaap – Universiteit van Tilburg
Betrokken partner: Provincie Noord-Brabant

Samenvatting: In the network society authorities increasingly loose the possibilities for autonomous policy-making. Social and economic issues transgress territorial boarders. Addressing such problems requires innovative and adaptive co-operation across several boarders. In essence, what is needed for effective governing, is hybrid governance across (sub-) national territorial boarders, across sectors and across the public-private divide. In different sectors new ways of governing, such as tripartite co-operations, and a growing use of ‘alternative’ governance instruments have been witnessed. Their effectiveness may very well depend on the context of the sector with its specific regulations. Intriguing question however is whether a governance arrangement that is solid in one context could prove to be beneficial in another context too. Mutual learning is vital for innovative urban and regional governance and regional law. That leads to the first research question: How, and to what extent, can policy and lawmakers learn from experiences with hybrid governance in different contexts?
Hybrid governance is challenging, and it has, potentially, at least one downside: the difficult safeguarding of its democratic legitimacy. Traditional direct legitimisation has eroded, partly because it only provides direct legitimacy at one level whereas governance is nowadays multi-level. Besides, elected councils only represent citizens in places where the latter live and vote, while citizens are bound to have interests in places where they do not live (and vote) but work, recreate, or identify without the possibility of securing representation. Second research question is: How can democratic legitimacy be safeguarded in a context of hybrid governance?

Next generation governance arrangements for sustainable global value chains
Hoofdaanvrager: Prof. dr. ir. C.J.A.M. Termeer – Wageningen Universiteit
Betrokken partners: Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving, UTZ Certified, Oxfam Novib, Round table for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), FSC International, Pacifical cv, International Trade Centre (ITC), Rainforest Alliance (RA), International Union for Conservation of Nature/National Committee for the Netherlands (IUCN NL), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), ISEAL Alliance

Samenvatting: Traditional state-centred governance systems have failed to effectively tackle the transnational problem of sustainability of global value chains (GVCs). To fill this ‘institutional void’, Dutch-led industry and NGOs established a series of global partnerships that designed standards and certification schemes for global commodities. Despite their relative success, these partnerships face some serious challenges, which if not adequately addressed threaten their overall legitimacy and effectiveness: 1) losing credibility due to unproven performance; 2) the necessity to improve transparency and traceability of products; and 3) lack of synergy with public sustainability policies. The proposed research contributes to a better understanding of what we term ‘next generation’ governance arrangements for sustainable GVCs by analysing to what extent and under what conditions governance arrangements in GVCs can successfully address the challenges of performance, transparency and public-private synergies; and by assessing how these insights can contribute to the design of smarter governance arrangements. Capitalizing on the extensive knowledge of the research team, the proposed research systematically compares three GVCs with strategic importance to the Netherlands: timber, seafood and palm oil. Enabled by the NWO smart governance partnership grant, the research team has set up a partnership with key actors from business, NGOs and public authorities. These stakeholders have contributed to this proposal and will participate in the research. The research thereby not only contributes to theories of smart forms of hybrid governance in volatile transnational contexts, but also offers crucial guidance to enhance the effectiveness and legitimacy of the governance of sustainable GVCs.

Bron: NWO

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